Test 3 Study Guide

Test 3 Study Guide - Chapter 13 Stress and Health Stress...

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Chapter 13: Stress and Health Stress: Any event or circumstance that strains or exceeds an individual’s ability to cope. Comes from negative events (failing a class) and positive events (starting a new job or having a baby). Stress is probably healthy—it energizes us and challenges us to grow. Influences us at both psychological and biological levels Leading causes of death and disability such as heart disease and stroke are almost certainly linked to stress. Immunity to infections is greatly affected by stress Sources of Stress Life Events: Psychologically significant events that occur in a person’s life, such as divorce, childbirth, or change in employment. People with unusually high levels of life stress are more likely to develop medical problems. o Crime and Violence: Being in a war and being the victim of sexual assault or other violent crime are profoundly stressful experiences. o Loss of a Family Member: The death of a child can be tremendously stressful. Also, widowed women and men were more likely to exhibit serious depression during the first year after the death of their spouse than were married women and men who had not lost their partners. o Natural Disasters: Can be powerfully stressful negative life events. People that encountered natural disasters had more stress-related physical illnesses and psychological disorders and high levels of stress-related problems. o Terrorism: People in many troubled parts of the world have had to cope with the stress of terroristic attacks. Terrorism has become a sadly common source of intense stress for Americans as well. Anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and intrusive flashback thoughts about the disaster were common long after the attacks, particularly for those who were near the attack or who lost loved ones or possessions. o Daily Hassles: The small hassles of daily life are also important sources of stress. Daily irritants can grate abrasively on mind and body. For example: pressures and work, getting a speeding ticket, losing your glasses, etc. o Positive Life Events: Even though the events are positive, they may also require stressful adjustments in patterns of living. For example: college graduation, the birth of a child, job promotion, purchase of a house. Space out your life events when you can.
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Frustration: The result of being unable to satisfy a motive. o When frustrations are serious, they can be a major source of stress. For example: underpaid workers denied raises, or when individuals experience the limits imposed by racial discrimination. Conflict: The state in which two or more motives cannot be satisfied because they interfere with one another. o
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Test 3 Study Guide - Chapter 13 Stress and Health Stress...

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