Psych 2AA3 - Final Exam Review Fall 2016.docx - 1st Major Classification System(Thomas Chess \u201877 Refer to Temperament Categories 2 type of Feedback

Psych 2AA3 - Final Exam Review Fall 2016.docx - 1st Major...

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1st Major Classification System (Thomas & Chess, ‘77): Refer to Temperament Categories . 2 type of Feedback : Reinforcement & punishment 2ndary Circulor Rxns: Capable of searching for objects that are partially but not completely hidden. Replicating interesting object-related events {grasping a quacking duck, makes a sound & repeats quack}. Can have affect on the world, a whole world beside themselves. Refer to Object Permanence. 2x2 Parenting Style Model - Maccoby & Martin’s (‘83): Acceptance is emotional tone . (1) High Control High Acceptance (2) High Control Low Acceptance (3) Low Control High Acceptance (4) Low Control Low Acceptance 3 Approaches to Moral Dev (MD): (1) Psychoanalytic: Role of moral emotions (Shame, Guilt, Pride), Freud , Erikson . (2) Behaviourist : Role of reinforce & punish, Skinner , Bandura (3) Cognitive Developmentalist: Role of moral reasoning (thinking about “right” & “wrong”), Piaget , Kohlberg 3 stages of inflexibility (Piagetian theory): (1) Premoral (2) Moral realism ( 3) Moral relativism 3 Step Model - Livesley & Bromley (‘73): Asked kids to describe people they know. (1) External features (up to 6-8 yrs) (2 ) Internal Features (begin 7-8 yrs) (3) Qualifiers & Inferences (begin teen yrs). 3 Types Of Parents: (1) Secure Parents (2) Dismissive Parents (3) Preoccupied Parents 3rd person stage: (10-15 yrs) Step outside of their own situation and view it from a third person perspective 4 types of Attachment "strange situation": (1) Secure attachment (2) Avoidant attachment (3) Resistant attachment (4) Disoriented (disorganized) attachment 80s: Influx of rap music became concern, children listening to lyrics EX: parental advisory - explicit content. Purpose: help parents 90s: Vchip was developed, allow parents ability to limit media children were exposed to. EX: program TV so it can show PG. A NOT B Error: Object Permanence Substage 4. Babies of 8-10 mon make the perseveration error; they look under box A even though they saw the researcher move the toy under box B , & box B is just as easy to reach. Demonstrates a lack of/incomplete schema of object permanence. Abnormal Chromosome #: Extra, missing/damaged chrom with sig conseq for devel, occurring frequently than inherited genetic disorders. Accommodation Process: Equilibrium disequilibrium assimilation (failed) disequilibrium accommodation organization equilibrium Accommodation: Child’s theories are modified based on experience. {Kid’s surprised when encounters cat; resembles dog but meows instead of barks. Revising her theory to include new animal} Successfully completed when they know a new name for stimuli. Acculturation : process of integrating into an adopting customs of a diff culture Achievement : Found specific identity Activities Oriented (SU -7) : central component of self descript, don’t talk about who they are, talk about what they do. EX: toys they play with, games.
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