ME364_forming_sheet - Metal Forming 26 Valery Marinov...

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Unformatted text preview: Metal Forming 26 Valery Marinov, Manufacturing Technology 2.3 SHEET METALWORKING Classifcation oF Sheet Metalworking Processes Basic sheet metalworking operations: (a) bending, (b) drawing, and (c) shearing; (1) as punch frst contacts sheet and (2) aFter cutting. ¡orce and relative motion are indicated by ¡ and v Cutting Operations Shearing Shearing is a sheet metal cutting operation along a straight line between two cut-ting edges by means oF a power shear. Shearing operation 3-m power shear For 6.5-mm steel Metal Forming 27 Valery Marinov, Manufacturing Technology Blanking and punching Blanking and punching are similar sheet metal cutting operations that involve cutting the sheet metal along a closed outline. If the part that is cut out is the desired product, the operation is called blanking and the product is called blank . If the remaining stock is the desired part, the operation is called punching . Both operations are illustrated on the example of producing a washer: Starting stock produced by shearing operation from a big metal sheet Scrap Punch Blank Washer Blanking Punching Steps in production of washer Engineering analysis Cutting of sheet metal is accomplished by a shearing action between two sharp edges. The shearing action is illustrated in the Fgure: Metal Forming 28 Valery Marinov, Manufacturing Technology Clearance Clearance c is the distance between the punch and die. The correct clearance depends on sheet-metal type and thickness t: c = at where a is the allowance (a = 0.075 for steels and 0.060 for aluminum alloys). If the clearance is not set correctly, either an excessive force or an oversized burr can occur: Effect of clearance: ( Left ) clearance too small causes less than optimal fracture and excessive forces, and ( Right ) clearance too large causes oversized burr The calculated clearance value must be subtracted from the die punch diameter for blanking operations or must be added to die hole diameter for punching: Blanking Punching D Punch Die c c Die diameter is enlarged with clearance c in punching. In blanking, the punch diameter is decreased to account for clearance. D is the nominal size of the Fnal product. An angular clearance must be provided for the die hole to allow parts to drop through it:. Straight portion (for resharpening) Angular clearance 0.3~1.5o on side Die Die Angular clearance for the die opening in punching and blanking....
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ME364_forming_sheet - Metal Forming 26 Valery Marinov...

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