1Mediterranean

1Mediterranean - Regional Outline for Mediterranean 8000...

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Regional Outline for Mediterranean 8000 – 600 CE 600 – 1450 CE 1450-1750 CE 1750 – 1914 CE 1914 - Present Politics - Persian Empire: governors and law code - Greece: city states (Athenian democracy) - Roman Republic (510 - 23 BCE): Senate/Assembly -Roman Empire (23 BCE – 576 CE): bureaucrats Byzantine: absolute authority Secular rulers Justianian Code Spain: Ferdinand + Isabella (Christian North + Muslim South) = nation state - Unification of Italy – Victor Emmanuel (1870) (helped by Revolution of 1848) - Italy before (mid 1800s): foreign controlled small kingdoms – power of nationalism - Iberian colonies freeing selves - Italy: Triple Alliance WWI - Conflict in Balkans Italy changes sides for alliances – want N territories controlled by Austria (later got some, but not all they wanted) Interwar – Fascist Italy, Mussolini – aggression * no absolutes! Economy Trade – among Med (1 st controlled by Phoenicians/ Greeks), and also with Africa (Trans-Saharan) and Silk Roads (connected to China) -necessary b/c large scale agriculture impossible
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1Mediterranean - Regional Outline for Mediterranean 8000...

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