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unit1keytermscompleted - Azhani Amiruddin AP World History...

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Azhani Amiruddin AP World History 1 September 8, 2005 Key Terms 1. prehistory vs. history Prehistory – no written documents; History: written proof of history 2. features of civilization Social etiquette, religion, education, literature 3. stages of hominid development Austrolopithecus, homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapiens 4. “Out of Africa” thesis vs. multiregional thesis Humans originated from Africa and proliferated vs. originated from Africa but multiple geographical locations first 100 million years 5. Paleolithic Era Old Stone Age 6. Neolithic Era New Stone Age 7. family units, clans, tribes A group of people sharing common ancestry 8. foraging societies Nomadic, small communities and population, no political system, economic distribution is more equal 9. nomadic hunters/gatherers Move place to place according to environment; adapts to environment 10. Ice Age Period of time where Earth was covered partly in ice 11. civilization Changes when agriculture started 12. Neolithic Revolution Farming uses; start of agriculture 13. Domestication of plants and animals Farming system where animals are taken to different locations in order to find fresh pastures 14. nomadic pastoralism Slash-and-burn; once land is depleted, moved on to let soil recover 15. migratory farmers Farmers that migrate instead of settling after using up the land. 16. partrilineal/patrilocal Live with husband’s family. Traced through father’s lineage 17. irrigation systems replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops 18. metalworking craft and practice of working with metals to create parts or structures. It requires skill and the use of many different types of tools 19. ethnocentrism to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture 20. foraging Looking for food 21. sedentary agriculture Domestication of plants and animals 22. shifting cultivation process by which people take an area of land to use for agriculture, only to abandon it a short time later 23. slash-and-burn agriculture Trees cut down, plots made for agriculture 24. matrilineal System in which one belongs to mother’s lineage 25. cultural diffusion spread of ideas and material culture, especially if these occur independently of population movement 26. independent invention Creative innovations of new solutions to old and new problems 27. specialization of labor specialisation of co-operative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and roles, intended to increase efficiency of output. 28. gender division of labor Labor divided between man and woman, hunting and gathering etc. 29. metallurgy and metalworking the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements and their mixtures, which are called alloys. craft and practice of working with metals to create parts or structures 30. Fertile Crescent a region in the Middle East incorporating present-day Israel, West Bank, and Lebanon and parts of Jordan, Syria, Iraq and south-eastern Turkey. 31. Gilgamesh
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unit1keytermscompleted - Azhani Amiruddin AP World History...

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