unit4outline1750-1914

unit4outline1750-1914 - Unit 4 1750-1914 The Modern Era...

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Unit 4 1750-1914 The Modern Era
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1750-1914 I. Questions of Periodization A. Continuities and Breaks 1. Continuities a. Absolutism in France b. Sense of cultural superiority of the Chinese c. “Revolutionary” change didn’t supplant everything i. People learned to be both scientist and Christian ii. Slavery outlawed, but former slaves not embraced into society iii. Racism – both social and institutional continued 2. Breaks a. French Revolution b. End of Japanese isolation and rapid modernization in Japan 3. What makes the “modern age” a. Politics i. Trend away from monarchy toward greater political representation ii. Form of democracy or at least an appearance of democracy b. Economics i. Mechanization and industrialization become driving forces ii. Shift from mercantilism/feudalism to capitalism iii. No longer based primarily on agriculture – increasingly on industry and commerce c. Society i. Class transformation ii. Old aristocracies – derive power from noble birth – gradually fade away iii. New elites status comes from wealth iv. Middle class and industrial working class expand v. Modern societies become urbanized vi. Population growth accelerates d. Culture i. Scientific, secular world view becomes dominant ii. Artistic styles change more rapidly and radically than ever before 4. End of the era – 1914 a. 19 th century – Europe at the peak of its power – replaced by the US in 20 th century b. New philosophies, scientific theories, cultural movements attacking Western values c. Diplomatic trends bringing nations towards war d. World War I would speed up process of European decline 5. Continuities a. Conservative backlash – reaction – strove to keep this power in check i. Some more successful at fighting liberalizing/democratizing elements B. Causes of changes from the previous period and within this period 1. West major causal agent of change a. Underwent vast changes/caused vast changes in other areas of the world b. Begun process in 1400s with 1. Voyages of exploration 2. Colonization 3. Appropriation of world trading networks 4. Establishment of new trade routes c. W. Europe consolidated hold on a. Foreign colonies b. Global trade d. Unprecedented – never before/since has one civilization truly dominated the world e. With it come huge moral and ethical price a. Imperialism linked to warfare, racial prejudice, economic exploitation, slavery b. Harmful effects still felt in Africa, Latin America, and Asia 2. Industrialization a. Changed the way the world made goods b. Changed the way the world did business 3. Political changes in Europe led to first world war a. Enlightenment
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b. Attempts at radical reform c. Unification of Germany and Italy d. Shifting balance of power among European nations e. End of absolute monarchies f. Revolutions established set of ideals that could be pushed for in the future 4. Important changes independent of Europe occurred 5. Imperialism a. Industrialization and imperialism both interconnected
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This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Stanleyk.schultz during the Fall '10 term at FIU.

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unit4outline1750-1914 - Unit 4 1750-1914 The Modern Era...

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