H102 Lecture 02_ The _Old South_

H102 Lecture 02_ The _Old South_ - 12/22/11 H102 Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 02 The "New South" B h e la e 1860 , o me So h e n e e e al ead callin g fo a mo e d i e ified eco n o m -- co o n a n o lo n g e " kin g ." In c ea in g l h e e a a mo e f o m fa m o fac o , an d man p eo p le en co ag ed in d iali a io n in h e So h an d an in c ea ed cap i al in e men in h e So h e n eco n o m f o m o id e o ce . Th i lec e e p lo e h e eco n o mic an fo ma io n an d h e acial p o li ic o f h e " Ne " So h af e h e Ci il W a . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1 . How did the Civil War trans form the S outh? Was it reall a "New" S outh? Wh or wh not? 2 . Were freed s laves better off in the S outh after the Civil War? Wh or wh not? 3 . What were the 1 3 th, 1 4 th, and 1 5 th amendments ? Did the trans form American s ociet ? If s o, how? Ge ne ral obs e rvations about the South 1. Th e So h a n e e mo n o li h ic - i h a n e e h ad a mo n o p o l o n aci m, io len ce, o o n e-p a h a e b een mo e o e l e id en in h e So h , h o e e , h an el e h e e in h e n a io n . -p o li ic . Th e e 2. On l h i e So h e n e h a e b een d efea ed in a an d h ad h ei e i o o cc p ied b h e en em . Th a e p e ien ce h a f eled en io n i h in So h e n e b e een h ei eg io n al an d h ei n a io n al lo al ie . 3. Un il 1950, a majo i o f b lack in A me ica li ed in h e So h . Un il h en , acial in e min g lin g a mo e co mmo n in h e So h h an el e h e e, al h o g h h i e So h e n e h a e ied o e cap e h a in e min g lin g . 4. Th e e m " So lid So h " efe o h e fac h a n o Rep b lican p e id en ial can d id a e ca ied a So h e n a e in h e elec io n b e een 1877-1920. Th i i n o lo n g e e - Rich a d Ni o n ca ied e e So h e n a e in 1972. The "New South" In h e 1870 , So h e n e eco g n i ed h e n eed o p e en a n e imag e o f h em el e o h e o ld an d o im la e eco n o mic d e elo p men . Hen G ad , ed i o o f h e A la n a Co n i io n , a a o n g p o p o n en o f h i " Ne us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html 1/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" S ." I 1886 1. T 2. T 3. R He n B N U S E S "N S S ." T : -- S M -- W. G ad 1840. H W. G "N , A ,G S L " , .A , .H , G Herald. H "S S - ) , At lant a Const it ut ion ( S .H Cent ur Maga ine Harper's At lant a Const it ut ion S .T S N a ,G New York O ," . S To -D -- .I S . o e amine G ad ' claim of a "Ne So h" 1. Eco no micall 2. Race Rela io n 1. Economicall A C W 1870 , S .F 8,000 , , .B 1865 1880 , S .H , .B U S , , ,S .O .A ,S , .B , , N R ." L , H. E S . Richa d H. Edmond Manuf act urers' Record, " " S S ' ,E (2) .A The : (1) . Th e e majo ind ie e me ge d in he So h af e he Ci il Wa us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html 2/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" 1. Cotton 2. Iron 3. Tobacco Co on: In the 1870s a "cotton crusade" began. Initial attempts to encourage construction of Southern mills with Southern finance capital gave wa to a mill industr (1880 - 160 mills; 1900 - 400+mills), largel controlled b outside (Northeastern United States and foreign) capitalists. Racist hiring practices dominated emplo ment in the new industr . Great Ol mpian Cotton Mill in Georgia C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin Most factor jobs went to whites with blacks doing onl unskilled jobs if the were emplo ed at all. Mill owners justified this discrimination b sa ing that whites had suffered in competition with blacks for agricultural jobs before the Civil War. Mill owners also used racial tensions to quell white labor organi ing b threatening to hire black workers if white workers did not cooperate. Cotton pic k ing in Mis s is s ippi C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin Iron and S e e l: Southerners tapped rich coal and iron ore reserves so effectivel that b 1900, the South led the world in coal production. At the same time, the fostered (1880- 1900) tremendous growth in iron and steel mills. Initial financing of the steel and iron industries came from Southern sources, but b 1900, foreign investors and Northerners such as Andrew Carnegie largel controlled these industries. Tobacco: Traditionall tobacco was grown but seldom processed in the South. In the late 1870s and earl 1880s, however, Southern capitalists established prosperous tobacco factories. B 1900, tobacco processing was a major industr . As was the case with cotton and iron/steel, outside capitalists controlled the industr . us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html 3/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" I ,N S S , , ( ). 2. Race Rela ion F A U .H ' S A A A , .N , 1863 , A S E . , N E .T .I T A C P , , (1863), C , S . Amendmen XIII Sec ion 1. Nei he la e no in ol n a e i de, e cep a a p ni hmen f o c ime he eof he pa hall ha e been d l con ic ed, hall e i i hin he Uni ed S a e , o an place bj ec o hei j i dic ion. Sec ion 2. Cong e I hall ha e po e o enf o ce hi a icle b app op ia e legi la ion. T A , "B S .M 1865, I T ,C ( ) A F C C . " A 1868. A -A . G A W F XIV S ' A , , ,C , 1870, . Amendmen XV Sec ion 1. The igh of ci i en of he Uni ed S a e o o e hall no be denied o ab idged b Uni ed S a e o b an a e on acco n of ace, colo , o p e io condi ion of e i de. Sec ion 2. The Cong e M he hall ha e po e o enf o ce hi a icle b app op ia e legi la ion. S . us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html 4/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" Ku Klu Klan T KKK , , . Re de e me rs (als o calle d Bourbons ) I 1870 , S .A , S "M is s is s ippi Plan" - I 1890, M " "M R C B , . ' . "Grandfathe r Claus e " - M S , ) . I 1898, L "G C " N ( J 1, 1867, . "Jim Cro " la s , ,. , S , . Pl ess v. Ferguson - I 1896, U S S C , 7- 1 " F A .T , M , P '" " , 1954 B o n . Boa d of Ed ca ion of Topek a, Kan a , S . T L JC I T 14 A , , .H ,P . .T C 1890, N O S C 13 . . . "S , : ." O " ' Se parate Car La , . I 1892, H P J J H. F C C , L U. S. S C W W A , , ; us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html , A " "E , " "M " , .O ( , A L , ) W 03: W "A "O W " 5/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 02: The "Old South" Whose?. Lecture 02 Rela ed Web Link Content Presentation Audience Link Colle ge "Rura l Blue s: Structure a nd De ve lopm e nt in the Post-Civil W a r South," by Etha n Crosby Colle ge "Ove rcom ing the 'Sour Gra pe s' Ve rsion of Southe rn History," by John P. Ge orge High School Ple ssy v. Fe rguson: "Se pa ra te but Equa l" Colle ge Info "Be e n He re So Long": Se le ctions from the W PA Am e rica n Sla ve Na rra tive s Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture02.html 6/6 ...
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