H102 Lecture 03_ Which _Old West_ and Whose_

H102 Lecture 03_ Which _Old West_ and Whose_ - H102 Lecture...

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12/22/11 H102 Lecture 03: Which "Old West" and Whose? 1/11 us.histor\.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture03.html SWanle\ K. SchXlW], PUofeVVoU of HiVWoU\ william P. TiVhleU, PUodXceU LecWXre 03 Which "Old West" and Whose? The AmeUican weVW pla\ed an incUeaVingl\ VignificanW Uole in uniWed SWaWeV' hiVWoU\ beWZeen 1865 and 1890. DXUing WhiV peUiod, Anglo-AmeUicanV VeWWled 430 million acUeV of land and oYeUZhelmed NaWiYe AmeUicanV in Whe Vo-called Indian waUV. FXUWheUmoUe, Wen neZ VWaWeV enWeUed Whe union, bUinging Whe WoWal nXmbeU of VWaWeV Wo foUW\-eighW b\ 1912. Finall\, oYeU Whe coXUVe of jXVW a feZ decadeV, WhUee commeUcial "empiUeV" UoVe and fell: mining, eVpeciall\ gold and VilYeU; faUming; and caWWle. Some questions to keep in mind: 1. Where was the "Old West" between 1865 and 1890? Can \ou locate it on a map? Wh\ or wh\ not? 2. Who was Frederick Jackson Turner and wh\ was he significant? 3. How did the United States deal with American Indians in the West? 4. Is the West still appealing toda\? Wh\ or wh\ not? 1. Space TheUe aUe WhUee diVWincW enYiUonmenWal UegionV: TUanV-MiVViVVippi weVW ( Middle weVW Wo 98 paUallel ) FaU weVW (SieUUa NeYada and CaVcade MoXnWainV Wo Pacific Ocean) GUeaW BaVin (SieUUa NeYada and Rock\ MoXnWainV.) "Great American Desert" SWephen H. Long, an AmeUican e[ploUeU Zho VXUYe\ed a poUWion of Whe LoXiViana PXUchaVe in 1819, fiUVW coined Whe phUaVe "GUeaW AmeUican DeVeUW" Wo deVcUibe Whe aUea UoXghl\ beWZeen Whe 98Wh paUallel and Whe Rock\
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12/22/11 H102 Lecture 03: Which "Old West" and Whose? 2/11 us.histor\.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture03.html Mountains. In a series of maps and journals, Long portra\ed this region as "wholl\ unfit for cultivation and uninhabitable for those dependent on agriculture." Americans largel\ accepted Long's pessimistic description of the trans-Mississippi West as an inhospitable wasteland for decades and most did not become interested in settling there until after the Civil War. The m\th of the Garden Western boosters populari]ed the m\th of the Garden to encourage settlement during the second half of the nineteenth centur\. Charles Dana Wilber was one of the leading advocates of this m\th. In T he Great Valle\, and Prairies of the Northeast and Northwest, Wilber described the trans-Mississippi West as a lush paradise. He based this claim on "scientific" evidence that purportedl\ proved that "rain follows the plow." The m\th of the Garden undermined the idea that the West was the "Great American Desert" and convinced man\ American farmers that the\ could prosper on the Plains. The credibilit\ of the Garden m\th was strengthened b\ the unusuall\ high levels of rainfall recorded throughout the 1870s and earl\ 1880s, which further encouraged settlement. But, b\ the mid 1880s, the Plains entered a period of low rainfall and massive out-migration. Families began to leave with signs on their wagons, "In God we trusted, in Kansas we busted." Photograph of lithograph b\ Ga\lord Watson, 1881, depicting a romantic land known as the "Great West" Cop\right 1997 State Historical Societ\ of Wisconsin 2. Time
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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H102 Lecture 03_ Which _Old West_ and Whose_ - H102 Lecture...

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