H102 Lecture 07_ Labor and the Workers' Search for Power

H102 Lecture 07_ Labor and the Workers' Search for Power -...

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12/22/11 H102 Lecture 07: Labor and the Workers' Search for Power 1/6 us.histor\.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture07.html SWanle\ K. SchXlW], PUofeVVoU of HiVWoU\ william P. TiVhleU, PUodXceU LecWXre 07 Labor and the Workers' Search for Power while bXVineVV leadeUV like AndUeZ CaUnegie and John D. RockefelleU Wook adYanWage of coUpoUaWionV and WUXVWV Wo incUeaVe WheiU ZealWh and commeUcial poZeU, maVV pUodXcWion and mechani]aWion WhUeaWened Whe economic independence of AmeUican ZoUkeUV. BefoUe Whe CiYil waU, laboU oUgani]aWion had been UelaWiYel\ inVignificanW. AfWeU 1865, hoZeYeU, moUe and moUe ZoUkeUV joined XnionV, ZenW on VWUike, and challenged collecWiYel\ Whe gUoZing poZeU of coUpoUaWe capiWaliVWV in AmeUican VocieW\. Some questions to keep in mind: 1. How did factor\ work change after the Civil War? 2. Wh\ did so man\ workers decide to join unions at the end of the nineteenth centur\? 3. What were the differences between the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor? Wh\ did the Knights collapse during the 1880s and 1890s? Wh\ was the AFL so successful? Labor organi]ations before the Civil War The fiUVW aWWempWV Wo oUgani]e diVgUXnWled ZoUkeUV occXUUed eaUlieU in Whe nineWeenWh cenWXU\ (dXUing Whe 1820V and Whe 1830V). In majoU ciWieV, VXch aV NeZ yoUk, Philadelphia, and Chicago, laboUeUV joined "woUkingmen'V PaUWieV" Wo WU\ and conWUol mXnicipal poliWicV. FoU Whe moVW paUW, middle- and XppeU-claVV leadeUV, noW laboUeUV WhemVelYeV, dominaWed WheVe oUgani]aWionV and belieYed WhaW ZoUkeUV had Whe poZeU Wo UefoUm VocieW\. SXch oUgani]aWionV bUoXghW WogeWheU men Zho had migUaWed Wo ciWieV fUom UXUal WoZnV and Zho ofWen had liWWle e[peUience dealing ZiWh Whe comple[iWieV of ciW\ life and facWoU\ ZoUk. The YaVW majoUiW\ of WheVe men ZeUe Vkilled laboUeUV Zho VWill belieYed Whe\ ZeUe impoUWanW and YalXed in VocieW\. The\ did noW feel alienaWed eiWheU Vociall\ oU economicall\. MoVW did noW YieZ WhemVelYeV aV a diVadYanWaged claVV. InVWead, WheiU claVV-conVcioXV ZoXld noW emeUge XnWil afWeU Whe CiYil waU. Labor organi]ations after the Civil War
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12/22/11 H102 Lecture 07: Labor and the Workers' Search for Power 2/6 us.histor\.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture07.html American industriali]ation undermined the status of skilled workers. Increased mechani]ation meant that owners had less and less need for highl\ trained artisans and craftspeople. As a result, beginning in the 1870s, skilled labor became an ever smaller part of the overall labor force. North Chicago Rolling Mills at Ba\ View, Wisconsin, site of 1886
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H102 Lecture 07_ Labor and the Workers' Search for Power -...

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