H102 Lecture 10_ How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm__ The Rise of Populism

H102 Lecture 10_ How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm__ The Rise of Populism

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 10: How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise 1/8 us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture10.html SWanle\ K. SchXlW], PUofeVVoU of HiVWoU\ william P. TiVhleU, PUodXceU LecWXre 10 How Ya' Gonna' Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise of Populism Beginning in Whe 1870V, ZoUVening condiWionV in UXUal AmeUica caXVed man\ people Wo abandon WheiU faUmV. AW Whe Vame Wime, changeV in faUming pUacWiceV and Whe agUicXlWXUal maUkeWplace made faUmeUV moUe dependenW on commeUcial deciVionV made b\ big-ciW\ bXVineVVmen. In UeacWion Wo WheVe WUendV, faUmeUV began Wo Wake poliWical acWion WhaW led Wo Whe emeUgence of Whe naWional PopXliVW moYemenW in Whe 1890V. ThiV lecWXUe inYeVWigaWeV changing agUicXlWXUal condiWionV in Whe uniWed SWaWeV dXUing Whe nineWeenWh cenWXU\ and e[ploUeV hoZ man\ UXUal AmeUicanV mobili]ed Wo deal ZiWh WheiU cUXVhing economic and poliWical pUoblemV. Some questions to keep in mind: 1. How did agriculture change in the United States between 1870 and 1900? 2. How did farmers tr\ and protect their economic interests and wa\ of life during this period? Were the\ successful? Wh\ or wh\ not? 3. Who were the Populists? Wh\ were the\ so appealing to farmers? Did the\ change American politics? If so, how? Changes in Agriculture 1. Mechani]ation of agriculture The mechani]aWion of agUicXlWXUe led Wo hXge impUoYemenWV in efficienc\, bXW caXVed pUoblemV foU Whe \eoman (independenW) faUmeU. PUoblemV PUeVenWed b\ MachineV 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 10: How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise 2/8 us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture10.html More capital needed Machines demanded upkeep and repair Added to the financial risks that independent farmers had to take Mechani]ation of agriculture Cop\right 1997 State Historical Societ\ of Wisconsin The "Little Giant" thresher, lik e other farm machiner\, reduces farm labor needs, but increases capital costs Cop\right 1997 State Historical Societ\ of Wisconsin 2. Opening of neZ agricultural lands As land prices went up and crop prices fell, farmers began mortgaging their propert\ in order to put more land in cultivation. Unusuall\ high levels of rainfall also fueled a drive for land acquisition during the 1870s and the earl\ 1880s. B\ cultivating more land, farmers hoped to pa\ off their growing debts. Man\ urban businessmen, however, charged farmers 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 10: How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise 3/8 us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture10.html e[WUaoUdinaUil\ high inWeUeVW UaWeV on WheiU moUWgageV. when dUoXghW VWUXck Whe MidZeVW in 1886, Whe combinaWion of XnZaWeUed cUopV and high inWeUeVW UaWeV ZaV diVaVWUoXV foU man\ faUmeUV. B\ Whe mid-1880V, MidZeVWeUn faUmeUV had Whe higheVW peU capiWa debW in Whe uniWed SWaWeV....
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H102 Lecture 10_ How Ya' Gonna Keep 'Em Down on the Farm__ The Rise of Populism

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