H102 Lecture 12_ The Policemen of the World

H102 Lecture 12_ The Policemen of the World - 12/22/11 H102...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 12 The P ice a f he W d In 1898, A me ica, h ich a b eco min g an e e mo e imp o an p la e in o ld affai , en e ed in o i fi in e n a io n al co n flic -- h e Sp an i h -A me ican W a . A e ie o f a an d p o lice ac io n fo llo ed in h e en ie h cen , f o m W o ld W a I o A fg h an i an . W h d id A me ican lead e b eg in o b elie e h a h e Un i ed S a e h ad a ig h an d a d o p o lice h e o ld ? Th i lec e e amin e en d o f e p an io n i m an d imp e iali m in h e p e io d af e h e Ci il W a , en d h ich ill in fl en ce A me ican fo eig n p o lic o d a . S e ei 1 . I he c bi 2 . Wha ce The f ic : ee i i d: a e- i e ee h ce , a he U i ed S a e e e ia ai f b h? e e he ec i c a d i i ca c e e ce f e i g i ? i g h ee g e e a ii f he f da i f f i ai ii i , e e ia a e di c i i eai i, a he i e ee h ab a a d f ei g 1. W a i h e e en io n o f a n a io n ' d ip lo mac b o h e h an p eacef l mean . 2. Fo h a e e ea o n a n a io n en e a a , h a a , i elf, ch an g e h e ela io n h ip o f i ci i en i h each o h e an d i h h e n a io n al g o e n men . 3. Th e h e o ic h a j ifie o o p p o e a a e eal a g ea d eal ab o h e a a n a io n ' ci i en h in k ab o h em el e . Hi ia ha e i gi e eai f A e ica' i ee i d affai i he ea af e he Ci i Wa : 1. Befo e 1898, A me ica a i o la io n i 2. A f e h e Ci il W a , A me ica a e p an io n i . 3. A me ica a i o la io n i in h eo , e p an io n i in p ac ice. To d ecid e h ich o f h e e in e p e a io n i mo e acc a e, e m i o la io n i an d h e e p an io n i p o in o f ie : e amin e h ee majo en d o f h e ime f o m h e 1. In d ial e p an io n 2. W e e n e lemen 3. G o h o f h e fed e al g o e n men us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 1/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World Th o e h o b elie ed h a A me ica a b a icall i o la io n i b efo e 1898 co n en d h a h e e h ee d o me ic co n ce n p e en ed h e Un i ed S a e f o m b eco min g in o l ed in fo eig n affai . In h ei ie p o in , h e Un i ed S a e co ld n o d e o e m ch ime o en e g o fo eig n affai . Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) a P e id en f o m 1885 o 1889 an d f o m 1893 o 1897. In h i in a g al ad d e h e mmed p A me ica' i o la io n i d o c in e: in 1885 "A polic of peace, comme ce and hone f iend hip i h all na ion ; en angling alliance i h none." No le The Re e amin e of he S o . Th o e h o a g e h a A me ica a e p an io n i af e h e Ci il W a main ain h a h e e ame h ee d o me ic co n ce n ac all led h e Un i ed S a e o e en d i g lo b al in e e . Indus trial e pans ion F o m 1865 o 1890, h e in d ial co mp le o f h e Un i ed S a e e p an d ed ap id l an d h e n a io n b ecame o n e o f h e o ld ' o g ea in d ial p o e . A me ican in d iali lo o ked fo n e ma ke in A ia, La in A me ica, an d A f ica. Fo a p ec o f in d ial e p an io n al o affec ed imp e iali en d en cie : B in e c cle . A l e n a in g c cle o f p o pe i an d ece io n (an d e en eco n o mic d ep e io n in 1873 an d 1893) mean h a p o d c io n o f A me ican g o o d o f en e ceed ed co n mp io n . In e n a io n al in e men cap i al. Be een h e la e 1860 an d h e , fo eig n n o f h e cen co n ce n in e ed $3 b illio n in h e n a io n ' eco n o m . De i e o e p an d ma ke . Sh if in b alan ce o f ad e. Fo e amp le, S an d a d Oil h ad fe p e o le m e p o 1880, b in co n o lled 70% o f h e o ld ' o il ma ke b 1890. Kimb erl -Clark paper mill in W is c ons in (in Appleton, Kimb erl , Neenah, or Niagara) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in We s te rn s e ttle me nt us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 2/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World Recall h a fa me e led an d illed mo e an d mo e lan d in h e W e , in p a , b eca e o f h e e i en ce o f eemin g l b o n d le in e n a io n al ma ke . A E o p ean d eman d fo Un i ed S a e ag ic l al p l d eclin ed f o m 1880 o n , fa me h ad o eek n e ma ke in o d e o i e. Growth of fe de ral gove rnme nt In c ea in g l , h e fed e al g o e n men mad e p o licie o n eco n o mic ma e , an d h elp ed p a e h e a fo A me ican co mme cial e p an io n ab o ad . In d fed e al g o e n men fo h elp in ec in g n e ma ke . ch a imp o a iff an d c en c efo m, iali an d fa me , alike, n ed o h e William Evarts --Un i ed S a e . Sec e a o f S a e f o m 1877 o 1881. In h i " Rep o p o n h e Co mme cial Rela io n o f h e Un i ed S a e " E a a g ed h a h e g o e n men h o ld fo e eco n o mic g o h . He e i ali ed h e co n la e ice in fo eig n co n ie an d ap p o in ed cce f l b in e men a co n l o ep e en A me ica' in e e in fo eig n co n ie . Card from Singer Mfg. Co.'s s eries depic ting life in c ountries importing Singer s e ing mac hines C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie W i con in of "Pork Diplomac " o f h e 1880 d emo n a e h e g o in g co ela io n b e een b in e an d g o e n men . In h e 1870 A me ican fa me " e e n in g o p ig like h e e e g o in g o o f le" (P o f. Sch l ) an d e e e p o in g h ei p l p o k o E o p e. In h e 1880 , b eca e o f p o e f o m F en ch an d Ge man fa me , h e e g o e n men p a ed e ic io n o n h e imp o a io n o f A me ican p o k. Th e n a io n ' fa me an d b in e men e e o ag ed an d h e Un i ed S a e g o e n men b o g h eco n o mic ep i al ag ain h e Ge man a e an d F an ce. us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 3/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World Hog C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Pri e-winning hogs , 1884 C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in The "Missionar Factor" M is s ionarie s of Pe ace A f e h e Ci il W a , h e p ace o f A me ican Ch i ian mi io n a in c ea ed d ama icall . o k a o n d h e g lo b e, e p eciall in A ia an d A f ica, 1. S oul s aving and profit mak ing g o hand-in-hand. Fo e amp le, h e fo n d e o f h e Do le p in eap p le fo n e h e o n o f a mi io n a p o en ial fo eig n ma ke o h e San d ich I lan d (Ha aii). M an o h e A me ican b f o m ep o a in e men lea n ed ab o h a mi io n a ie b o g h b ack. 2. Government protection and international ag reements . Th e fed e al g o e n men h ad a lo n g - an d in g p o lic o f p o ec in g h e n eed o f i ci i en in fo eig n lan d . M o e A me ican mi io n a ie a o n d h e o ld mean mo e A me ican ci i en o p o ec f o m d i c imin a io n an d a ack, o h e g o e n men a d a n in o " en an g lin g allian ce " i h o h e co n ie . 3. A faith in the des tin of Chris tianit to conquer the world. us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 4/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World Poli ic al c a oon: "W ha he Uni ed S a e Ha Fo gh Fo " C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin Robe E. S pea was th e h ead o f th e Bo ard o f Fo reig n M is s io n s o f th e Pres b terian Ch u rch . In o n e o f h is s p eech es , h e claimed : "The civili ed nations are beginning to perceive that the have a dut , which is often contemptuousl spoken of, to police the world. The recognition of this dut has been forced b trade." M i iona ie of Wa B th e 1880s , th e o n ce-res p ectab le Un ited States Nav was in s h amb les . Th ree facto rs allo wed fo r its ren ewal an d d ev elo p men t: 1. Th e eco n o mic reco v er fro m th e Dep res s io n o f 1873 mean t th at th e fed eral g o v ern men t n o w h ad s u rp lu s mo n e to b u ild a mo d ern n av . 2. W illiam Hu n t b ecame th e firs t tru l effectiv e Secretar o f th e Nav . 3. Man A merican s reali ed th at th e Un ited States was a 10th -rate n av al p o wer es s en tiall u n p rep ared if us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 5/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World . E P M .T , , Alfred Tha er Mahan (1840-1914) , T M . , A R .I , : 1. S 2. O 3. A , M , : "W , , R ." J I C A A Frederick J ack s on Turner (1861-1932) "T S ' A T ' .W W W H . The "Ang lo-S a on m th" A -S S , T A Albert J . Beveridg e (1862-1927) "T M F :" "W F A A .S H U S DUTY. T A .T A " (1893), T ' .T , A - . DESTINY .A I A DUTY ,B , , .T DESTINY 1898 S enator , .W .W A .S ?T .I - W G .W .D ? .I .I .W P .F us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html .I G ' , 6/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 12: The Policemen of the World henceforth be the symbol and the sign to all mankind." Th is faith in d es tin y , d u ty an d th e mo rality o f p o wer wo u ld b e p lay ed o u t in military exp an s io n an d war d u rin g th e p res id en cies o f Th eo d o re Ro o s ev elt an d W o o d ro w W ils o n . Th is , o f co u rs e, is a v ery imp o rtan t an d fas cin atin g p art o f o u r s to ry . So imp o rtan t, in fact, th at we'll tu rn to it in Lectu re 13: " Th e M o rality o f Po wer." Lecture 12 Rela ed Web Link Conte nt Pre se nta tion Audie nce Li nk Info Colle ge Ma rk Tw a in on W a r a nd Im pe ria lism Colle ge Anti-Im pe ria lism in the Unite d Sta te s, 1898-1935 Colle ge "Im pe ria lism Is Ea sy," by John De w e y High School Am e rica a t the Turn of the Ce ntury: A Look a t the Historica l Conte x t High School A Sple ndid Little W a r Colle ge The W orld of 1898: The Spa nish Am e rica n W a r Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture12.html 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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