H102 Lecture 13_ Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Morality of Power

H102 Lecture 13_ Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Morality of Power

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 13 Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power P e id en Th eo d o e Ro o e el an d W o o d o W il o n , al h o g h h e d i ag eed o n man i e , b o h b elie ed h a , b h e b eg in n in g o f h i cen , i a ime fo h e Un i ed S a e o ake i p lace o n h e ag e o f o ld p o e . Th e e e b o h co n in ced h a h e Un i ed S a e h o ld e h a e e p o e n ece a o ee h a h ei i io n o f d emo c ac an d j ice i mp h ed a o n d h e g lo b e. Th i lec e d i c e h e o o o f A me ican imp e iali m an d h o h e p e o n al b elief o f Ro o e el an d W il o n h ap ed h e n a io n ' fo eig n affai . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1. How did the S panis h-American War chang e America's role in international affairs ? 2. How did the S panis h-American War chang e America's attitudes about its own affairs ? 3. Compare the world views of Theodore Roos evelt and Woodrow Wils on. Was T. R.'s view as different from Wils on's as he claimed? 4. How well did Theodore Roos evelt s tick to his motto, "Walk s oftl and carr a big s tick ? " Recall f o m Lec e # 12 h e h ee g en e al p o p o i io n o n a : 1. W a i h e e en io n o f a n a io n ' d ip lo mac b o h e h an p eacef l mean 2. Fo h a e e ea o n a n a io n en e a a , h a a ch an g e h e ela io n h ip o f i ci i en i h each o h e an d i h h e n a io n al g o e n men 3. Th e h e o ic h a j ab o ifie o o p p o e a a e eal a g ea d eal ab o he a h e p eo p le o f a n a io n h in k h em el e In ad d i io n , h e e a e h ee majo p o in an d W il o n : o n fo eig n p o lic ha e ill d i c in g ea e d e ail in e m o f Ro o e el 1. A co n i en fo eig n p o lic i ela i el imp o ib le in a d emo c ac 2. A me ican en d o e mo ali ic h e o ic o j if a 3. Un i ed S a e fo eig n p o lic i all a eflec io n o f d o me ic p o lic us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html 1/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power "A Sple ndid Li le Wa " T P U S S " U ." K C S .B 1896 S R C , H ' - A T S A " . J ' , , S , R R D C , -A B -S H -A M B ,G : "Y 1898. , 100,000 C S W 1898. A , S 1015). N ., S .T W -A ," H , A. G -A S 1898, " C , 1898. S P ." " (E , F A , A G Re l of he Spani h-Ame ican Wa T U . S 1. T U 2. T 3. A ' S E Uni e d S a e be came mo e like E ope an co n ie I C S ,G , -A ,W I P , , MK : 1. 2. 3. 4. A R W, U S , P R .S U , , .P S , MK B , , .H S S E L K A H ,M K ; - .U , : "T F , C , , G C ' ." us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html 2/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power O S , .T , A , U A . C .P MK , , No longe r a re public e qual in all of its parts T A .P : ?A .I , , - - - .T C S ' ,' L .I F , ' H ,' , P , "I .) T C ' R C " 1901. (T C ' C U ,' ' , ' S . Cre ate d a ps chological e ffe ct on man pe ople T T A ' : ( ; ( " ." D S A -A ' J 1840 ). T 1850 , " U S " A W, .I A .I L ,T (1901), .M , D F A ' ' , N . ) , , .I , C , N : "M .F .F , ." O .P , , S -A U P W (1901), W T. S .S , S .A ' .T B A A , .I , A .S E .H : "T U S , A , ' ." us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html 3/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power Theodore Roos e elt (1858-1919) C N , e' e h e U i ed S a e f i icia h de W e ca ae igh 1997 S a e Hi ica S cie ab he ba i fR e e ' f eig 1. S g h i i e a i a affai h e a e g a h e 2. C a e ed e a ed i ci e : e f ee R hi ee' gh i d ic : e ic A e ica affai d e a d efficie c A fai h i R i ecifica a h e e id e ia ad i i a i f h e i e. Th e d e R e e a P e id e f 1901 1909. He a a a i a h ea , b , a h e a e i e, h e a a ea i a d a a e f d h a h e A e ica e e da d d acce f h ei i ica ead e . ge e a i a i A f Wi c e af df i g a W e A f ica e b: " W a f a d ca a b ig ic , a d i g fa ." Th i ef d e a d efficie c a d h i fai h i g e e e b ac h i d e a d efficie c . ac ice ed h e e " Big S ic Di ac " --i e a i a eg ia i b ac ed b h e h ea f f ce. Orde r and Efficie nc I d e ic cia be cie . Th e e i c d ed : ,R ee gh de , e -d efi ed e a i hi a g ai eg e f 1. Th e a i d eg ee f e a f eed f h e i d i id a 2. C e i i e i ie f b i e e a di d ia i 3. Fed e a g e e e i g h e e a d d i ec i f a i a ife R e e ie ed h e e id e c a a " b i"f h ich h e c c ea d efi ed h ie a ch i h e g e e a da a g a ic i a , eg , a d h e a . Th e P e id e f h e U i ed S a e , acc d i eech , h e a ed ab hi a i a i , ab h e i e d e e d e ce "T he e fa e f e a c h f us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html i de e de f d each h e e h ee i . He a aa i cie . S cie a a b d ad e f g R e e , a h e b ai . I a 1903 f he a i a f h e A e ica " b d :" da e a he e fa e f a f 4/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power .I ' R ." .H : 1. A 2. T 3. L ( U E ( ( A S ,G B ,G , S A I ,A , L T. R., .T A J ) ) ) .W , " ." Faith in Po e r R ' .H " U " "Preparednes s "--T , ;A , U S ." " U S : .T S S ,R N , , U C 1907, S C C , . : , , V , 1914 : "R "W , "W , P L , D ." A E (1903), S W 1904. P .N , R (1902), P -J :T : .R R , ' .T .I V , .R "Rig hteous nes s "--R .H U S P .T (1904-1907), C .H (1906). R "I M W M R ."--T R W R U ' P (1903) S .T , P F P , C , .R ) $40 .A .N us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html , , , L 12. T C .F , A P O U S N . I 1881, F C , NP C C ( $10 C , C P .A $10 R N 3, 1903, F P 5/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power h o a a ep e en a i e o f h e Ne Pan ama Can al Co mp an . Th e Un i ed S a e p o mp l eco g n i ed h e n e Rep b lic o f Pan ama. W i h h e h elp o f h e Un i ed S a e , Pan ama g o i in d ep en d en ce an d a co o l $10 millio n , h e can al co mp an g o $40 millio n , Co l mb ia g o n o h in g , an d h e Un i ed S a e , af e a d ecad e o f co n c io n an d h e d ea h o f n ea l 6,000 can al b ild e , g o i ea p a ag e. W h a Ro o e el b eg an , W o o d o W il o n (p e id en f o m 1913 o 1921) e p an d ed . W il o n a elec ed P e id en o f h e Un i ed S a e in 1912 af e e in g a p e id en o f P in ce o n Un i e i an d a g o e n o o f Ne Je e . W il o n a a h ig h l co mp le ch a ac e h o a in ec e ab o h i o n id en i an d a d i en b amb i io n . B h i o n ad mi io n , W il o n co ld n ' " le alo n e h o e h in g I ee g o in g d o n h ill." J a mo ali ic an d ig h eo a Ro o e el , W il o n a le o f a eali h en i came o d o me ic an d fo eig n p o lic . W oodro W ils on (1856-1924) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie W il o n o n g l b elie ed h a h e A me ican em o ld a e h e o ld . Th i of W i con in em in cl d ed : 1. A me ican eco n o mic g o o d 2. A me ica' d emo c a ic p o li ical c e 3. A me ica' b len d o f mo ali an d Ch i ian i W il o n a ed : "When p ope l di ec ed, he e i no people in he go e nmen ." o ld no fi ed fo elf- No e h e ca ea , " h en p o p e l d i ec ed ." W il o n a h e Un i ed S a e a h e ig h f l an d n a al d i ec o . He a d e e min ed o p o id e h a d i ec io n in a f ame o k h e e mo ali , d emo c ac an d eco n o mic e e clo el ela ed . W il o n b elie ed h a o h e n a io n o f h e o ld h ad o lo o k o h e Un i ed S a e a an e amp le. A h e ame ime, A me ica a d ep en d en o n h e e o f h e o ld , mo l fo eco n o mic ma ke . Th e o ld ma ke m ac a h e n e f o n ie fo h e A me ican em. W il o n a d e e min ed o d i ec h e affai o f o h e n a io n o h a h e co ld e en all ach ie e elf-g o e n men , a lo n g a h i g o e n men a b a ed o n h e A me ican mo d el, an d h e a e en mo e illin g o in e en e in o h e co n ie h an Ro o e el . Fo in an ce, h e en A me ican o o p o M e ico o in e en e in h ei ci il a (1913-1917). W h en W o ld W a I b o ke o in E o p e in 1914, W il o n ied o keep h e Un i ed S a e o o f h e co n flic , b Ge man ep ea ed l io la ed A me ica' n e ali . W h en A me ica fin all en e ed h e a in 1917 i a b eca e, a W il o n a ed , "T he us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html o ld m be made afe fo democ ac ." 6/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 13: Roosevelt, Wilson, and the Moralit of Power A s th es e ev en ts were u n fo ld in g in fo reig n p o licy , th ere were d ramatic ch an g es were tran s fo rmin g A merican s o ciety an d cu ltu re. A s th e Un ited States wo rked to exp o rt its p o litical id eals o f freed o m an d d emo cracy to th e res t o f th e wo rld , man y p eo p le d is cu s s ed in creas in g ly th e eq u ality o f th e s exes an d th e ro le o f wo men at h o me. Th is d eb ate is an extrao rd in arily imp o rtan t p art o f o u r s to ry . So imp o rtan t, in fact, th at we'll take it u p in Lectu re 14: " W o men , Femin is m an d Sex in Pro g res s iv e A merica." Lecture 13 Rela ed Web Link Conte nt Pre se nta tion Audie nce Li nk Info Colle ge "'The W hite Ma n's Burde n' a nd Its Critics," by Jim Zw ick Colle ge THE OCTOPUS, by Fra nk Norris Colle ge "Occupie d Te rritorie s," by John Brigha m Colle ge The odore Roose ve lt High School About The odore Roose ve lt Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture13.html 7/7 ...
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