H102 Lecture 14_ Women, Feminism, and Sex in Progressive America

H102 Lecture 14_ Women, Feminism, and Sex in Progressive America

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica S a e K. Sch , P fe f Hi W i ia P. Ti h e , P d ce Lec re 14 W e , Fe i i a d Se i P g e i e A e ica O M a 9, 1908, h e U i ed S a e Se a e ejec ed a b i h a d h a e e ab i h ed M h e ' Da h id a he g d ha he h d a ac ed b e d e ea ed b a d a i i h .J 1919, h e Se a e a ed h e 19 h A e d e , g i i g e h e ig h e. A h e d a f he e ac i i a d h ei a e a ie e e each i g a e d a f e . W ha a he e a i ff ag e e e a d h e fe i i ca aig , a d h d id h e e' ee ie d e g he e ? Th i e c e e e he hi f he e' e e i A e ica, b h e ge he e, a d h e a g e g a f fe i i -- cia a d ec ic e a i ih e . S e ei ee i a a ai a 11 ea a e , i e ie h ce , h i b e ee h e i h e 1920 af e he gg e f i d: 1 . "A fe i i a e ff ag i , b a ff ag i a e fe i i " a ed a fe i i i 1 9 1 3 . H did he g a f he ea A e ica fe i i ee e i e diffe f h e f he ff ag e ee? 2 . Wh did he e' ee ie d i he 1 9 2 0 . Wa i i beca e e had he e? 3. H e ia a he -ca ed " e a e i " f he ea e i e h ce ? "C fT eW a h d" I h e a h a f f h e i e ee h ce , Vic ia id ea i h e d a i A e ica cie , a ea f h e id d e a d e c a e . S ic , h ie a ch ica Vic ia h g h ed a -ca ed " c f W a h d ," h ich each ed f ca d i a i e f e: 1. Pie --A d ca e b e ie ed 2. P i --A e ica' e e a i ec e ia h e e ce i a i fA ha e e e fa ee ed b e iag e, a d e e h e e ica d a g h e : a e g e be e e ig i a d i i a i a e ha e . e f h ea , i d , a d , f c e, b d , e g ag i g i e j i gi.A a e f h e d a e e ed id e i "He e e f igh i he dia d b igh , He i ce ce he ea . A d he e a e e e he b ida ge W b he A e ica gi ." .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 1/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica 3. S ubmis s ion--W o men e e p p o ed o li e in a kin d o f p e p e al ch ild h o o d , p a i el e p o n d in g o h e ac io n an d d eci io n o f men . 4. Domes ticit --Th e In d ial Re o l io n h ad c ea ed a clea d i i io n b e een h e p b lic p h e e o f o k an d h e p i a e p h e e o f h o me. Ho me an d h ea h , acco d in g o h e C l o f T e W o man h o o d , b ecame h e d o main o f o man an d h e ef g e f o m h e emp a io n o f e e d a life. "Fathe r Knows Be st" T o co n an g o al o f Vic o ian life e e h e ejec io n o f in an d h e p ac ice o f e p o n ib ili , b man h e ime fel h a o men n eed ed o id e p o ec io n in h ei co n an g g le i h emp a io n . S p p o e o f T e W o mah o o d o f en efe ed o o men an d ch ild en a " eake e el " --a a feeb le b ein g h o cep ib le o in n le i o la ed f o m h e e il o f o cie in h e h a en o f d o me ic life. Th e ie ed fa ig h f l p o ec o o f familie h o h o ld h a e n limi ed a h o i o e h i ife an d ch ild en . A me ican a of he C l ee he a he "Ya' know, oung whippe rsnappe r, back whe n I was a oung 'un..." Th ee a ea o f o cial ch an g e, in p a ic la , ala med memb e o f Vic o ian -e a A me ican o cie : 1. D e Refo m 2. Ed ca io n o f W o men 3. W o men En e in g h e W o kfo ce Dre s s re form- - In 1850, in eac ion o he co and ph ical e ic i ene of Vic o ian d e , i h i b le and co e , Amelia Bloome and Eli abe h Cad S an on de igned a imple d e ha omen co ld ea o e "bloome ," hich e e ankle- leng h pan aloon . The bloome , hich man Vic o ian- e a Ame ican ie ed a e all gge i e, ca ed a h ge p blic o c . In a nine een h cen omen' maga ine, one p ofe o o e ha o e on omen " e e onl one manife a ion of ha ild pi i of ociali m and ag a ian adicali m hich a p e en i .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 2/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec o ife in o land." e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica Young women wearing b loomers in UW -Madis on W oman's G mnas ium C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Ed ca ion of Wome n- - Man nine een h- cen ph ician accep ed Da ini m, concl ded ha omen had opped e ol ing oone han men, and, he efo e, e e le de eloped men all and le i ed fo ed ca ion. In addi ion, medicine of he nine een h cen ended o ie he bod a a clo ed em hich con ained a fini e amo n of ene g . Since omen had o de o e hei ene g o childbea ing, an e ce e in he " h ee R' " d ing p be o ld onl ca e la e p oblem i h he fo h "R"- - ep od c ion. One ph ician of he da a ed: "Woman ha a head almo big eno gh fo lo e." oo mall fo in ellec , b j E en he "P og e i e" a e of Wi con in a ha dl p og e i e ega ding highe ed ca ion d ing he econd half of he nine een h cen . In 1877, fo e ample, he ann al epo of he Uni e i of Wi con in Regen ecommended a epa a e co e of d fo omen on he g o nd ha omen co ld no handle he e and igo of he anda d men' college c ic l m. The epo concl ded: "Ed ca ion i g ea l o be de i ed. B i i be e ha he f e ma on of hi a e ho ld be i ho a ni e i aining, han i ho ld be p od ced a he fea f l e pen e of hei ined heal h. Be e ha he f e mo he of o ae ho ld be ob , hea , heal h omen han ha b o e d, he en ail pon hei de cendan he ge m of di ea e." Students at work in Univers it of W is c ons in "home ec onomic s lab orator " C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Wome n En e ring he Workforce - - Immig an omen and poo Ame ican- bo n omen had no choice b o o k a la nd e e , e an , and fac o help. P oponen of T e Womanhood, ho e e , of en demoni ed omen fo ced o o k o ide he home. The a g ed ha he o king o ld a he fi ep on a do n a d pi al ha o ld lead omen, e en all , o p o i ion. A he e lea , he held, o king o ide he home o ld gi e omen financial independence f om hei fa he and h band and, in n, nde mine he famil and endange omen' ep od c ion. .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 3/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec I i a b ea o j e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica ligh me a ? W h a ig h ee i e a ece be i i h c af i g i ica c ec eech i ea h i g e . Th e ef d fa ci a ed Vic ia -e a A e ica h a i a ed e e d a a g ag e g a d ag ai ice. Th e a b i e f h e E g i h a g ag e i ed e, , e e , " ad ie ," f h ei " a a d eg ," d h ich ee ed ea g g e i e, a d e aced h e i h " i b ." A h e d i e ab e, g e e a e e ffe ed a e ad a ch ic e " b ea ," " ig h ea ." N e e e e a g a ie i h h i h e if i g c ei fe a h d . W e b ef e h e Ci i W a , e b eg a a i g h e f da i f he de e ' ig h e e . A ea a h e 1820 , f e a e, e e e ac i e i b ad " h a i " ee ch a ab i i , a e ief eff , a d h e e e a ce e e . A h gh f c ed d i ec e ' i e , h e e ca aig a ed e he i h e h e i e i ed ga i e a d ef ff ag e a d ee a i e ig h . The Wome n' Righ Mo e me n Th e Se eca Fa C ei e i Se eca Fa , Ne Y , f J 19 J 20, 1848. O g a i ed b Q a e L c e ia M a d E i ab e h Cad S a , he c ei a h e fi b ic g a h e i g i h e U i ed S a e ad d e h e ig h f e .O e e f he c ei a h e " Se eca Fa Dec a a i f Se i e ." M d e ed h e Dec a a i f I d e e d e ce, h e " Dec a a i f Se i e " i d ic ed A e ica cie f ee i g ef i g, f ig e ,a df h a i g e a acce ed ca i a d e e . Nea 240 e e a e d ed h e ee i g , i c d i g ch i e ec a i a ie a S a B. A h a d F ed e ic D g a . D ga ,af e a e, a g ed fe e i fa f h e Se eca Fa c ei' c e ia e i :a a ' ig h e. E c ag ed b h i fi ee i g , h e e e ' ig h e e he d a ac ei h g h h e 1850 . D i g h e Ci i W a ea , a e ca aig ed f h e ab i i f a e , h i g ha e i ica ig h f e ed A f ica -A e ica d a a ei g ea e ig h f e . Th e Fif ee h A ed e he C i i , h ich g a e h e e b ac e , b e, a ei f d eb a e h ich ca ed a i i h e e' e e i 1869. The Na ional Woman S ff age A ocia ion (NWSA) ed .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 4/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e E C i e Ame ica S S .I ' F A A .T -A A B. A NWSA , ' A .S , , . Eli ab eth Cad Stanton (1815-1902), s uffrage leader C 1997 S H S W The Ame ican Woman S ff age A ocia ion (AWSA) NWSA. I F A .L AWSA JWH L S . Luc Stone (1815-1903), s uffrage leader C 1997 S H S W O V C A ' (1838- 1927). W , , , M , 1870, P 1872. A W 1871 NWSA , .T , .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec S W e /lec e14.h ml 5/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica overthrow of the United States government. Stated Woodhull: "We mean treason...We are plotting revolution." Later in 1871, Woodhull gave another speech in which she proclaimed "I am a free lover." Stanton and Anthon eventuall disavowed Woodhull and her controversial opinions, but the public continued to associate her with the NWSA. The associations connection to such radical thought, in fact, severel damaged the organi ation. Vic toria Claflin W oodhull (1838-1927), s oc ial reformer C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin Sus an B. Anthon (1820-1906) C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin Thre e main fe minist mo e me nts: 1870s-1919 Fro m th e 1870s u n til W o rld W ar I, man femin is ts b ecame mo re co n s erv ativ e in th eir v iews an d g o als . Th e were d iv id ed in to th ree majo r g ro u p s o f refo rmers : .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 6/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica 1. The S ff agi Af e 1870, ff agi foc ed on inning fo omen he igh o o e. Thei a g men ee ligh l diffe en han ho e of ff agi befo e he Ci il Wa . Ea l efo me had a g ed ha omen, a h man- being , had a na al igh o o e. F om he 1870 on, ho e e , ff agi ook hei c e f om he C l of T e Womanhood and a g ed ha omen e e diffe en and, in ome ca e , be e han men. Women, fo e ample, e e mo e noble, mo e pi i al, and e of hea hen men. G an ing omen he igh o o e, he a g ed, o ld help p if poli ical co p ion in he Uni ed S a e . Pos ter warns : "Danger! W oman's Suffrage W ould Doub le the Irres pons ib le Vote" C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Mrs . Henr M. Youmans of W auk es ha, W I, pres ident of W is c ons in W omen's Suffrage As s oc iation C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml of W i con in 7/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica 2. The Social Fe minis ts S , .P , J A F K . Flore nce Ke lle (1859- 1932) .P ,K C U 1882. H , .S Z J C I W J , A 'L 'T W , HH .F (NCL), NCL, U L , N M 1932, K 1898 , G F C C E E W W E 'C , , . I 1891, N . N : C .T . Cro d gathers in W as hington, D.C., on Marc h 3, 1913 to itnes s a parade for omen's s uffrage C 1997 S H S W T , A . I 1890, AWSA NWSA N W S A (NAWSA). NAWSA 1900 1904 1915 1920 C C (1859- 1947). C R , C .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 8/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica he g ea a e f Wi c i , e ch i I a, a d ed f e ' ff age, e e a bec i g a c e c eag e f S a B. A h . Ca be ie ed i a a a' a a igh a ici a e i i ic , a d a a ed e ha e he e i de ef cie . Ca ea ed ha if e had i ica e , he c d i e ife f he e e a d f hei chi d e , b ha e i f e ce e e g ba i e ch a d eace. Ca f ded he Leag e f W e V e i 1920. Carrie Lane Chapman Catt (1859-1947), omen's s uffrage leader C igh 1997 S a e Hi ica S cie f Wi c i 3. The Radical Fe mini Radica fe i i ffe ed a ch ge c i i e f A e ica cie , ec ic , a d i ic . The i e adica fe i i a Cha e Pe i Gi a (1860- 1935), a ci gi , a h , ec e , a d e f- c ai ed cia i . I 1898, Gi a achie ed i e a i a fa e i h he b , Women and Economic : The Economic Fac o be een Men and Women a a Fac o in Social E ol ion, a c de a i f he C f T e W a h d. He chief a g e i he b ee i e adica f A e ica a he f he ce . She a g ed ha : C h a i ha ed b e a d e a fa ei a ha e a diffe e ce S cia e i e, bi g , de e i ed he e f e a d e i cie I a i d ia cie , e d be e ea ed f he h e, e ab ed a e a b ad h a c ib i a he ha a a fe i i e c ib i cie "Wha e ha e d i ec g i e he a a a h a bei g, igh a d h a d ie , a d e ha e ea ec ci e ha a iage." --Cha e Pe i Gi a .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml i h he h a i h ha 9/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica Alice Paul, who organi ed the Woman's Part in the 1910s and introduced the first Equal Rights Amendment in 1916, represented the other facet of radical feminism. The campaign for the ERA during the 1910s was so radical that most social feminists rejected it out of fear that the proposed constitutional amendment would endanger protective legislation for women. As a result, the campaign for the ERA remained a minorit movement within feminism. Alic e Paul (1885-1977), omen's s uffrage leader C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin The Nine e e n h Ame ndme n In ad d itio n to th e ERA , an o th er p o in t o f d iv is io n amo n g v ario u s femin is t g ro u p s was W o rld W ar I. Jan e A d d ams an d o th er s o cial femin is ts were v o cal p acifis ts wh o o p p o s ed W ils o n 's d ecis io n to en ter th e war. Hard -co re s u ffrag is ts , led b Carrie Ch ap man Catt, en d o rs ed W ils o n 's d ecis io n , with th e u n d ers tan d in g th at W ils o n wo u ld s u p p o rt wo men 's s u ffrag e at war's en d . A fter th e war came to a clo s e, W ils o n pointed to women's lo alt in the war effort an d u rg ed Co n g res s to p as s th e Nin eteen th A men d men t to th e Co n s titu tio n . In 1919, Co n g res s p as s ed th e Nin eteen th A men d men t an d th e s tates ratified it in 1920. A fter d ecad es o f s tru g g le, A merican wo men h ad fin all wo n th e v o te. .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 10/11 12/22/11 H102 Lec e 14: Women, Femini m, and Se in P og e i e Ame ica L c re ia Mo (1793-1880) C opyright 1997 S tate Historical S ociety of W isconsin Fe minism in the 1920s In th e 1920s , th e wo men 's rig h ts mo v emen t d ied d o wn . Th is was d u e, in p art, to th e ach iev emen t o f th e g o al o f s u ffrag e, b u t als o b ecau s e o f a g en eral retreat fro m activ is m in p o s t-W W I A merica. Femin is ts o f th e time mad e th ree d is co v eries : 1. W o men d id n o t v o te as a b lo c; th ere was n o s u ch th in g as th e " wo men 's " v o te 2. Th e s tru g g le fo r s u ffrag e n o lo n g er u n ited d is p arate elemen ts o f th e femin is t mo v emen t 3. Yo u n g er wo men were les s in teres ted in refo rm an d mo re in teres ted in reb ellin g ag ain s t s o cial co n v en tio n s To p u t it s imp ly , th e d au g h ters o f th e early femin is ts were mo re in teres ted in s mo kin g , d rin kin g , g o in g with o u t co rs ets , b o b b in g th eir h air, read in g d arin g literatu re, an d d an cin g th e Ch arles to n . Th ey were en jo y in g n ew eco n o mic an d s exu al freed o ms in th e p ro s p ero u s y ears th at immed iately fo llo wed W o rld W ar I. Th e tech n o lo g ical an d eco n o mic b o o m th at fu eled a h ig h er s tan d ard o f liv in g fo r man y A merican s is a cru cially imp o rtan t p art o f o u r s to ry . So imp o rtan t, in fact, th at we'll take it u p in Lectu re 15: " Th e Po litics o f Pro s p erity ." Lecture 14 Rela ed Web Link Content Presentation Audience Link Colle ge W om e n a nd Socia l Move m e nts in the Unite d Sta te s, 1775-2000 Colle ge "The W om e n of Ante be llum Richm ond: Dom e stic Va lue s a nd Public Am bitions," by Eliz a be th W ool l e y Colle ge "The Ye llow W a ll-Pa pe r" Site (Cha rlotte Pe rkins Gilm a n) High School "Not For Ourse lve s Alone ": The Story of Eliz a be th Ca dy Sta nton a nd Susa n B. Anthony High School W om e n's History Colle ge "De cla ra tion of Se ntim e nts," Se ne ca Fa lls Conve ntion, 1848, by Eliz a be th Ca dy Sta nton High School Info Biogra phie s of Historica l W om e n Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem .hi o . i c.ed /hi 102/lec e /lec e14.h ml 11/11 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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