H102 Lecture 17_ The Politics of Prohibition_ The 1920s

H102 Lecture 17_ The Politics of Prohibition_ The 1920s -...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 17 The P i ic f P h ib i i : The 1920 Hi o ian o f en d e c ib e h e 1920 a a d ecad e o f co n a an d co n flic . F eed o m in d e , b eh a io , an d e al a i d e cla h ed i h a n e P i an i m. Th e a o mo b ile a ep lacin g h e o ld h o e an d b g g . Th e e e e co n flic b e een h e ad i io n al mall- o n a o f life an d a n e b an i m an d co mo p o li an i m. In h e 1920 , o me A me ican a life a a g lo io o g , i h h e p o p la i a io n o f F e d , o n g ch a " Ho Lip " an d " I Need Lo in ,'" an d mo ie called " Up in M ab el' Ro o m" an d " He P ch a e P ice." On h e o h e h an d , elig io f n d amen ali m n d e en a eb i h , a p eo p le ied o la ch o n o h e ad i io n al mo al an d a d --ei h e eal o imag in ed --o f b g o n e ea . O e all, h e d eclin e o f h e A n g lo -Sa o n cla a h e mo in fl en ial g o p in A me ican o cie ch a ac e i ed h i ime p e io d . E en a h e p o e o f h e A n g lo -Sa o n e ab li h men a o n h e an e, o n e o f i fin al a emp a h o ld in g o n o co n o l a h e p a ag e o f n a io n al P o h ib i io n . S e ei ee i i d: 1. Wa he e a d i a c e i 1 9 2 0 A e i ca cie ? Gi e ecific e a e e i. 2. C a e a d c a he ech i e a d g a f he e e a ce ee i h h e f ff ag i a d he P g e i e fe i i . 3. Wha e e he f da e a diffe e ce be ee he A i-S a Te e a ce U i 4. The i ? Wha did he e hibi i e eei P hibi i P hibi i ee ed a ab hi g ha e i c Leag e a d he W ? e ha g e i g A e ica e e ? Wha ci -ec e ' Ch i ia ic g di had he i g . Wha he i ee eei g i ci a cceed? Wh ? i aN he Th e 18 h A men d men o h e Co n i io n --p a ed b Co n g e in 1917, an d a ified b 3/4 o f a e b 1919-p o h ib i ed h e man fac e o ale o f alco h o lic b e e ag e i h in h e b o n d a ie o f h e Un i ed S a e . Th e Vo l ead A c o f 1919, al o kn o n a h e Na io n al P o h ib i io n En fo cemen A c , g a e h e 18 h A men d men ee h . I clea l d efin ed an alco h o lic b e e ag e a o n e i h an alco h o lic co n en g ea e h an 0.5 p e cen . o me Th e 21 A men d men , h ich a a ified in 1933, ep ealed h e 18 h A men d men . In o d e o g e a o n d h e ad i io n al p o ce o f a ifica io n b h e a e leg i la e --man o f h ich e e e p ec ed o o e " d " --Co n g e in ead called fo a if in g co n en io n in each a e. A h e co mp le io n o f d eleg a e ' o in g , h e n a io n al co n in fa o o f ep eal o f us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html 1/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s h e 18 h A men d men a 73%. The De cline of the Anglo-Sa on Class Befo e e d i c h e d eclin e o f h e A n g lo -Sa o n cla d efin e e ac l h o a an " A n g lo -Sa o n ." a h e mo in fl en ial g o p in A me ican o cie , e n eed o 1. A me ican d e cen d ed f o m h e ea l E o p ean e le . Th i in cl d ed h e En g li h (a h e n ame A n g lo -Sa o n o ld imp l ), a 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. ell a lo n g - e led familie o f I i h an d Ge man Peo p le h o h eld p o i io n o f e p ec ab ili an d e p o n ib ili o ck in h ei co mm n i ie Small- o n d elle Ed ca ed p eo p le P o e an Rep b lican A a g o p, he Th e A n g lo -Sa o n cla an ed le g o e n men in o l emen in h e eco n o m . ied o main ain i g ip o n A me ican o cie 1. Immig ration res triction. In a P e id en g e o f n a i i m, Co n g e Ha d in g (1921) an d Co o lid g e (1924) h a in h e fo llo in g a : p a ed leg i la io n d in g h e ad min i e e el e ic ed immig a io n o h e Un i ed S a e . 2. Anti-S emitis m. So me o f h e mo ne i len an i-Semi ic a ack came f o m ca make Hen p ap e , Th e Dea rb o rn In d ep en d en t. Fo d o n ce a ed : "I kno Fo d in h i ho makes ars. The internatio nal Je ish bankers arrange them so the can make mo ne o ut o f them." 3. J oining the Ku Klu Klan. A n o g an i a io n o f memb e Je a io n o f h o fel h ea en ed n o o n l b Black , b al o b an d Ca h o lic . 4. Maintaining economic control. A cco d in g o h e b o o k, Th e Mo d ern Co rp o ra tio n a n d Priva te Pro p ert b A d o lp h B le an d Ga d n e M ean , b 1930, 200 o f h e n a io n ' la g e be een 45-53% o f h e n a io n ' ail o ad , an d p b lic n o n -fin an cial co p o a io n co n o lled eal h . Th e A n g lo -Sa o n P o e an e ab li h men co n o lled man fac ili ie . Th i man ag e ial cla al o ied o ein fo ce h ei p o e an d a in g , b jo in in g e cl i e o cial cl b an d co lleg e , an d b li in g in eal h n eig h b o h o o d . The Me lting Pot Bubble s Un d e h e h in en ee o f co n o l main ain ed b h e A n g lo -Sa o n cla , h o e e , g ea d emo g ap h ic h if o o n emad e A me ican o cie an d c l e. Pe h ap mo imp o an , a p o p la io n e p lo io n , fi d e c ib ed in h e Dillin g h am Co mmi io n Rep o in 1910 an d 1911, an fo med h e n a io n . 1. Th e b i h a e o f immig an an d p o o n a i e-b o n A me ican e ceed ed h o e o f h e " o ld o ck." 2. B 1911, o o o f e e h ee A me ican ch o o lch ild en h ad p a en h o e e immig an . 3. Mo o f h e e n e A me ican e led in a e i h h e mo elec o al o e an d , fo h i ea o n , b ecame an e e -mo e ig n ifican fo ce in A me ican p o li ic . us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html 2/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s 4. Re b ica A e ica ad ee . T ad i i a .B a d Je i h S h e Re ae ie ai b ica Pa f a , h e Re h e eed f hi g b ica Pa h ad f A e ica ci ie f S di ef he e eg di f i g -c a , i ica b a e a i g a id , i h h e a d Ea e he i gg E gP ig ifica b a , fi ea g ai -g e e a i i a a a ea g h e Ca h ic e. g id e f h e b i h a e a d f e ig i ad cia d iffe e ce . The Ele ction of 1928 Th e e id e ia e ec i f 1928 a e f he c e e ce f h e a i ' g ea d e g a h ic a 1. A h g h h e fed e a g e A e ica a b e d ed . Be a d ci ie b eca e i c ea i g h ad e ig ifica i A e ica h i f ai . ic ed f eig i ig a i ee 1920 a d 1930, 6.5 i i ef i ica .I b , he i e a A e ica gh ig h h e ig a i ed f i ica f a i e-b a b a a ea , . 2. Th e De c a ic a fi a b e h e Re b ica a g eh d ai a i ic . 3. Th e P e id e ia ca d id a e i h e e ec i f 1928 e e e ed h e a f a i d e a i A e ica i ic . Herbert Hoo er (1 8 7 4 -1 9 6 4 ) a a e e e a i e f h e A g -Sa ca ,b i a I aQ a e fa i . S i g b i e a d P h ib i i , H e a h e Re b ica ca d id a e f P e id e i 1928. Hi ca aig ga i ed "A chic e i e e a d a ca i e e ga age." Alfred E. S mith (1 8 7 3 -1 9 4 4 ) a H e' De c a ic e . Hi b ac g d a d ch a ac e ee daaf h a f h e g e ee H e. B i a e -c a , Ca h ic fa i , S i h g e i h e Ne Y Ci e e e a He ' Ki ch e . He a a e f- ad e a h e cce ca e f h e -ca ed " d i fe i " f i ic . V e id e ified S i h i h b ig -ci i ica ach i e . He a a a a ed " e " h ca ed f h e e ea f P h ib i i . Al Smith and his National Chairman, J ohn J . Ras k ob on the porc h of the Ras k ob home at Cla mount, Delaware C us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html igh 1997 S a e Hi ica S cie f Wi c i 3/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s P S -'C , -,H .I , D ' AS E R .B , C .S ' A . Politic al c artoon depic ting b igotr dis pla ed agains t Al Smith (a Catholic Prohib ition opponent) C 1997 S H S U W A Prohibi ion P .T M C W, M L . B 1855, , . A U .T S W T 1920 . T , - 1851, S , .D , , S cien ific Temp era n ce Jo rn a l C ' 'C .I T U W. 1870 , (W CTU) . , 1902, A .T --- .T . The WCTU and he An iSaloon Le ag e T U W T us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html 'C U A -S S : (W CTU) L . 4/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s Th e WCTU f g h f h e ca e f h ib i i , b e e e ed ge i e ef g f he da . U d e h e ead e h i f ab e ef e F a ce W i a d -- a i a e id e f he i f 1879 1898-h e W CTU h e ca e f ff ag e, h e 8-h da , i ef , a d he S cia G e . Th e eff f h e W CTU ad e e e a ce a ac i e e ef e .P g e i e ,f e a e, ie ed P h ib i i a aa a ac h e b e f ba i ica ach i e , h e h ead a e ee fe ca ed i a . The "Ladies of Logan" s ing h mns in front of b ars in aid of the temperanc e movement C igh 1997 S a e Hi ica S cie f Wi c i Ic a h e W CTU, h e Anti-S aloon Leag ue, f d ed i 1896, f c ed h e eg a h ib i i f a c h ic b e e ag e . Th e A i-Sa Leag e d e e ed d e b b i g ech i e h a e e h g e c c e f . Th e Leag e, f e a e, i ed a d d i e i a ed a i-d i i g b ch e , a ea ed ch ch e b e f ,a d b b ied b h a a e a d b i e e . Th e A i-Sa Leag e a e a i ei i b b i g eff h a 28 a e h ad ad ed h ib i i a b 1918, b ef e a i a h ib i i ei effec . B a d a g e, P h ib i i A a e e e ed h e d e i e a- f h e A g -Sa e a b i h e . Th e ica h ib i i i a: i h ab i a M id d e c a A g -Sa E a g e ica P Fea f ea f A f ica -A e ica P h ib i i i h ad a i i a . O he a ed i g b a d f h ei e ,i ig a , Je , a d Ca h ic i ai f ca aig i g ag ai a e a a he e f he ba a i ica a b i i . ac h .M b e ie ed h a d i i g i a i ica ach i e . S i h e ed h e ee aa World War I and Prohibition Th e e f A e ica i W d W a I aid ed g ea h e ca ef h ib i i . War time h s teria ag ains t all thing s foreig n link ed prohibition to patriotis m. P h ib i i ch a ac e i ed h e i a ag ed a id f he a i a f eig -c ed a d i ed ci i e i W a hi g A e ica f eed ai , e f ac , a d c ai ed ib e a d f ee , D. C., a A e ica i c ea i g e a ce, a d h e a e f h ig h e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html ag a d a a -A e ica ed a d ' b e e ie . Centrali ation of g overnment power. D i g W W I, h e fed e a g a ed a c h a Ge i b ie . I cia e h ei e e eech . A a e ai g h f h i ce ie ed h e fed e a g i d , h e fed e a g ad a d fac e e e e h a ai a i he ie , f h de f d i i i d i id a ib i i ie . 5/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s Caric ature of Herb ert Hoover and the "nob le e periment" of Prohib ition C opyright 1997 S tate Historical S ociety of W isconsin Re l of P ohibi ion Fo r th e mo s t p art, en fo rcemen t o f th e Vo ls tead A ct was extrao rd in arily d ifficu lt. M an y A merican s , fo r examp le, en jo y ed liq u o r an d were mo re th an willin g to b reak th e law to acq u ire alco h o lic b ev erag es . A s a res u lt, o rg an ized crime an d s mu g g lin g rin g s mu s h ro o med an d h o me-b rewin g o f alco h o l b ecame in creas in g ly p o p u lar. In th e en d , A n g lo Saxo n s ' effo rts to imp o s e its o wn mo ral co d es o n th e res t o f th e n atio n th ro u g h Pro h ib itio n was a failu re an d th eir p o wer co n tin u ed to d eclin e th ro u g h o u t th e 1930s . Th e rep eal o f th e 18th A men d men t in 1933 marked th e en d o f an exp erimen t in s o cial en g in eerin g . By th e en d o f th e 1920s , an o th er g ran d exp erimen t--th is o n e p ro mis in g wealth fo r all--h ad als o failed . Th e s to ry o f th e g ro win g eco n o mic p ro s p erity o f th e 1920s th at en d ed with th e in famo u s s to ck market cras h o f 1929 is a fas cin atin g an d extrao rd in arily imp o rtan t p art o f o u r s to ry . So imp o rtan t, in fact, th at after we d o wn a co u p le o f co o l, fro s ty o n es , we'll take it u p in Lectu re 18: " Th e Cras h an d th e Great Dep res s io n ." Lec Conte nt e 17 Rela ed Web Link Pre se nta tion Audie nce Li nk Info Colle ge Te m pe ra nce a nd Prohibition Colle ge The Ohio Dry Ca m pa ign of 1918 Colle ge Cockta il - Spe a ke a sy High School Al Ca pone Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html 12 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 6/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 17: The Politics of Prohibition: The 1920s Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture17.html 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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