H102 Lecture 22_ From New Deal to Fair Deal_ New Deal or Same Shuffle_

H102 Lecture 22_ - H102 Lecture 22 From New Deal to Fair Deal New Deal or Same Shuffle S an le K Sch l P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P Ti h le P o d

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 22 From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Game? W h en Ha S T man cceed ed F an klin Ro o e el in 1945, mo A me ican kn e li le ab o h ei n e P e id en . Ha in g e ed a Ro o e el ' ice p e id en fo o n l h ee mo n h , T man n o g g led o ell Ro o e el ' Ne Deal p o licie o an in c ea in g l co n e a i e Co n g e an d A me ican p b lic. Th i lec e e amin e T man ' a emp o fo llo p o n h e Ne Deal i h h i o n Fai Deal a A me ica b eg an o h if ig h a d p o li icall , eco n o micall , an d p ch o lo g icall . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1. What was the "cons ervative coalition" that block ed Truman's reform prog rams ? How and wh did this coalition emerg e? 2. Wh did cons ervatives dis lik e Harr Truman? Wh did liberals dis lik e Harr Truman? 3. Wh was inflation s uch a problem after World War II? 4. What was the Taft-Hartle Act? Wh did Cong res s pas s this act? Was it effective in achieving its g oals ? Th e A me ican p b lic a h o cked o h ea o f F an klin D. Ro o e el ' d ea h o n A p il 12, 1945, n o o n e mo e o h an h i ice p e id en , Ha S T man (18841972). Up o n lea n in g h a h e o ld b e akin g o e h e p e id en c , T man o ld ep o e : Harr S Truman in Madis on with Governor Renneb ohm C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie Th i p e o f p eech a "Bo , if o e e p a , p a fo me no . I don' kno if o fella e e had a load of ha fall on o , b he n he old me ha happened e e da , I fel like he moon, he a , and all he plane had fallen on me." of W i con in p ical fo T man , h o a called h e " co mmo n man ' co mmo n man ." T o o f h i fa o i e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html 1/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? : "T "I A " ' , ,T A ." .T P ' , , FDR. T , M W - .W ' Wa h in g o n Po D. C., P W H , ' ,M P , H : "I M .S ' .W I , , ) HST , P ( .I ' , ' . ." Right ard, Ho! A L .A 1950 . U .T 1. 2. 3. 4. 21, 1940 , W W II A E ,T FDR' C , R $0.40 E S N , D - : $0.65 S C A T .I C ND N R D A -A D FDR' .S N .F , .T D , M ,N S , .I R ' , , T , ' . The 1946 Ele ctions: "To Err is Truman" 1946 T , 87% R .C T R -T 32% us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html N "H .T , 1946. D ?" A , P ' .O ' A .O - , : -1946, GOP 11 2/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? s eats in th e Sen ate an d 56 in th e Ho u s e an d to o k co n tro l o f Co n g res s fo r th e firs t time s in ce 1928. Cartoon depic ts Harr Truman as k ing Congres s for powers he is not b ig enough to handle C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin The 1948 Ele c ion : "The Come back Kid" Th e p res id en tial electio n o f 1948 was a clas s ic p o litical u p s et th at d emo n s trated th at lib eralis m was s till a fo rce in A merican p o litics . Prio r to th e Demo cratic Natio n al Co n v en tio n , mo s t p art memb ers were u n h ap p with Tru man , b u t refu s ed to b reak with trad itio n b failin g to n o min ate an in cu mb en t Pres id en t fo r reelectio n . Th e Rep u b lican s ch o s e Go v ern o r Th o mas E. Dewe o f New Yo rk as th eir can d id ate. us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html 3/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? "The Campaign Begins in Earnes t," c artoon b W alt Kell in the New York Star (depic ts Thomas Dewe , Harr Truman, and Henr A. W allac e) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Th e e e e al o o can d id a e h a ep e en ed g o p h a h ad p lin e ed f o m h e Demo c a ic Pa . On e o f h e e g o p a h e P o g e i e Pa , h ich n o min a ed Hen A . W allace, a fo me Vice P e id en n d e F an klin D. Ro o e el . Th e e P o g e i e e e n o c f o m h e ame clo h a Ted d Ro o e el o Ro b e LaFo lle e. In ead , h e e e lef i h o ch amp io n ed n a io n ali ed b an kin g an d g ea e o ciali a io n o f h e eco n o m an d h o en jo ed h e p p o o f h e Co mm n i Pa o f h e Un i ed S a e . A h e ame ime, an o h e p a al o b o ke a a f o m h e Demo c a . A h e 1948 Demo c a ic Co n en io n , H b e H mp h e o f M in n e o a in o d ced a p la fo m p lan k h a co mmi ed h e p a o ci il ig h . In p o e , a h o o f o h e n d eleg a e o med o an d fo med h e S a e ' Rig h p a . Th e e o -called " Di iec a " n o min a ed Go e n o J. S o m Th mo n d o f So h Ca o lin a a h ei can d id a e fo P e id en . Barr Goldwater (1909- ) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie Ha of W i con in T man h ad p o g e i e ie o n ci il ig h an d a a o n g ad o ca e o f H mp h e ' p o p o al. In a 1947 p eech , T man a ed : "O immedia e a k i o emo e he la emnan of he ba ie hich and be een million of o ci i en and hei bi h igh . T he e i no j ifiable ea on fo di c imina ion beca e of ance o eligion o ace o colo ." W i h h e Demo c a ic Pa p li h ee a , i lo o ked a if De e ' in a in e i ab le. T man en o n a h i le- o p camp aig n ac o h e n a io n an d a acked h e " d o -n o h in g Co n g e ." Th e e l o f h e elec io n a led e e o n e, e p eciall h e Ch ica g o Da il Trib u n e, h ich h ad p in ed p i mo n in g ed i io n i h h e b an n e h ead lin e: " De e Defea T man ." Wh Truman won: 1. Rep b lican e e o e co n fid en 2. He h ad h o n co ag e in h e face o f in c ed ib le o d d 3. T man e i ed h e Ne Deal co ali io n o f lab o , fa me , an d A f ican -A me ican us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html 4/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? The Fair De al Af e hi cce f l elec io n camp aig n , T man e o o p o e h a Ne Deal lib e ali m a n o e d ead in A me ica. He p o p o ed an amb i io leg i la i e ag en d a h a h e d b b ed h e " Fai Deal." A l h o g h T man h ad p p o ed Ne Deal elief an d efo m, h e al o b elie ed h a n e e efo m e e n eed ed o o l e h e n a io n ' eco n o mic an d o cial p o b lem in h e p o - a e a. He co n en d ed h a h i Fai Deal p o g am o ld ed i ib e in co me amo n g p eo p le o f a io cla e -- an fe mo n e f o m h e e ich o h e e p o o --an d , in h e p o ce , a ag e man o f h e n a io n ' mo p e in g o cial p o b lem . T man ' Fai Deal in cl d ed i majo fed e al in i ia i e : Ne ci il ig h Fed e al h o leg i la io n in g p o g am Un emp lo men in Ne ac an ce b en efi fo h e p o o Fed e al f n d in g fo ed ca io n A fed e al h eal h ca e an d h eal h in an ce p o g am In h e en d , T man ' a emp o in o d ce h i Fai Deal a la g el a fail e. Fe o f h i in i ia i e b ecame la . Co n g e ef ed o c ea e a n a io n al h eal h ca e p o g am, d id li le o efo m ed ca io n ( i h h e e cep io n o f h e G. I. Bill), e en d ed n emp lo men b en efi o n l lig h l , an d p o ff n e ci il ig h leg i la io n . T man d id co n in ce Co n g e o p a a majo h o in g in i ia i e in 1949. O h e i e, h o e e , h e co n e a i e p o li ical co ali io n b lo cked h e P e id en a ee n . W h ile T man ' elec io n in 1948 p o ed h a lib e ali m a n o e d ead , h e co n d id eem o b e mo in g f h e an d f h e o h e ig h p o li icall . Harr S Truman (1884-1972) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in An Economic Shift to the Right Ch an g e in h e eco n o m al o g g e ed h a h e co n a h if in g mo e an d mo e o h e ig h a mid -cen . In h e immed ia e af e ma h o f W o ld W a II, h e n a io n ' eco n o m faced o majo p o b lem : eco n e io n f o m a a ime o a p eace ime eco n o m an d h e g o in g p o e o f A me ican lab o n io n . Re con e rs ion--The proble m of re con e rs ion had thre e main parts : 1 . Sp ira ling infla io n. D in g h e a , h e Office o f P ice A d min i a io n h ad co n o lled p ice an d ag e . A f e h e a ' en d , man co n e a i e an ed o elimin a e ch co n o l an d l ima el cceed ed in d o in g o in 1946. us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html 5/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? A .W , U S , . 2 . W a rtime to p ea cetime p ro d uctio n. O .B .A P , ,A . 3 . W ha t to d o ith the returning G. I. T , R A 1944. T G. I. B ( , , , F W ,C , W, S ' ) . Labo --The e cond c cial po - a i e a labo n e . In he af e ma h of he Wa , a a e of ike e p he na ion. In 1946, fo e ample , 400,000 mine ck no once , b ice . In all, 4.6 million o ke ck a one ime o ano he d ing ha e a . The con e a i e ' e pl o he labo p oble m a he Taft-Hartle Act of 1947. Thi ac e main on he book oda . Th e e p e ide n , in fac , ha e e oke d he la on diffe e n occa ion o nde mine he po e of o gani e d labo in he Uni e d S a e . The ac ha fo main poin : 1. 2. 3. 4. P P " " P G P A , T -H A .O A F L A 70% U S , (A FL) . I 1955, I C , .A J -C U Lec Conte nt A FL-CIO A ,A W : (CIO). T . I A , O CW 'H ' E MC .M C S C ,S W , , 1940 .S : .P , C 1950 . O , ' L W 23: " T C 1950 " e 22 Related Web Links Pre se nta tion Li nk High School Ha rr Trum a n: Dom e stic Polic Colle ge Trum a n's Acce pta nce Spe e ch, 1948 De m ocra tic Na t'l Conve ntion High School us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html Audie nce Info Enc clope dia Am e rica na : Di ie cra ts 6/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 22: From New Deal to Fair Deal: New Deal or Same Shuffle? Colle ge Trum a n's Ina ugura l Addre ss, Ja nua ry 20, 1949 Chronology: Ha rry S. Trum a n's Life a nd Pre side ncy High School Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture22.html 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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