H102 Lecture 23_ The Coils of Cold War

H102 Lecture 23_ The Coils of Cold War - 12/22/11 H102...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War Stan le K. Sch u lt , Pro fes s o r o f His to r W illiam P. Tis h ler, Pro d u cer Lec re 23 The Coils of Cold War In th e immed iate aftermath o f W o rld W ar II, th e Un ited States to o k a tu rn to th e eco n o mic an d p o litical rig h t. No th in g d emo n s trated th is s h ift mo re th an th e Seco n d Red Scare. Th e trials , d en o u n cemen ts , b lack lis ts , an d p aran o ia ab o u t Co mmu n is m in th e Seco n d Red Scare s h o wed th e d o mes tic face o f th e Co ld W ar--th e in tern atio n al s tru g g le b etween th e So v iet Un io n an d th e Un ited States fo r wo rld d o min an ce. Th is lectu re traces h o w th e Co ld W ar tran s fo rmed an tiCo mmu n is m fro m a rig h t-win g to a main s tream id eo lo g . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1 . Compare and contras t the development of political ideolog ies in the pos t-WWII era to thos e of the Depres s ion era, concentrating on the attitudes of Americans toward Communis m. 2 . Compare the events , jus tifications , and res ults of the S econd Red S care to thos e of the Firs t Red S care. 3 . Who s upported J oe McCarth and wh ? 4 . Compare the competing American and S oviet vis ions for the pos t-war world in 1 9 4 5 . How did thes e oppos ing ideas lead to a "cold war? " 5 . Compare the foreig n polic g oals of the Truman adminis tration with thos e of Woodrow Wils on's adminis tration. W e're n o Co mmies , b u t h ere's s o me in fo rmatio n o n Co mmu n is t th eo r an d h o w it was p u t in to p ractice in th e So v iet Un io n . A s Len in o n ce s aid , " Stu d , s tu d , s tu d !" us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture23.html 1/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War The Se cond Re d Scare OM F 26, 1938, C C H U -A A , , ' , .T HUA C , P N D D C (HUA C) A .D W W II, HUA C A H 1947, , .O R .R H , R . HUA C H .N , , , , , , -C R , , . The Trial of Alge r His s T A H S R S R H 1948 H .H 1950 - .A " , S E " I W P C H . , S U .A .W ,N .C H M. N R W C , .C D Ti e H C D , - 1930 HUA C N C H S D C .T , H A , .T .W , H .T 87. A R 1992, S C . H W H .H N H , 15, 1996, 92 . Truman lo alt program I 1947, " ,P .U " H T J " T C D , ." F N , C . M cCarth is m J R MC S (1908- 1957) A ,W , 1950 . M C WWII "T J ," S .F 1946, M C .H R us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture23.html 2/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War .T 1950, MC W 'C W C , S F 9, . R ,W V 205 .N D , J os eph Mc Carth (1908-1957), anti-Communis t c rus ader , MC C ' 1997 S H S W . MC C G I .S .M C M A G ' R ' S " E. S K S MC D A , T "R D -- W ,M C 1952--" U " D ,K (1950-53) W ." H ." F - ." T " W II S . Conformit MC ' .D , .I I R bi H D d( ) ' .B "R D . ." S ." C ,M - 'C R "R S " , "M L , , , "D " McCarth 's S upporters T MC : 1. 2. 3. 4. R C C B ' , P D ,R , MC J MC W MC - K . .I 1954. U 1952. W , D K ,M C W H , U MC D. E ' ' R S .T - O MC , .I 1954, , A MC C .F .T , S .I D .M C -C us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture23.html , , 1954, , S "M C " . 3/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War G. David Sc hine, J os eph Mc Carth , and Ro Cohn at the J une 1954 Arm hearings C 1997 S H S W The Cold Wa A S U U S W W II, .D C W: 1. A 2. A 3. A T D S U CW .A A .I " U S U S S .I , U - , A , " A , ( 20 , .M S R , - 1945-1986). , , D , A .B S M A T U S .T S U.S.S.R. ' .T S , A . G R .I , S U : 1. W 2. E 3. E S W .F ,S W S E II. S U S . T G U , T .D W W II, S S M U.S.S.R. I A .A E ' .G B us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture23.html U . I 1946, I B S U ' , , .T S U -B N , S S A U S 4/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 23: The Coils of Cold War th e So v iet Un io n , b u t n ame callin g b etween th e A merican an d So v iet d eleg ates marred th e s es s io n . Ev en th o u g h b o th s id es ev en tu ally reach ed an ag reemen t, g ro win g p o litical, eco n o mic, an d military ten s io n s b etween th e two p o wers exacerb ated th e Co ld W ar. In Greece, Co mmu n is t-led in s u rg en ts th reaten ed to o v erth ro w th e co rru p t, Britis h -led mo n arch y . A lth o u g h Co mmu n is t Yu g o s lav ia, rath er th an th e So v iet Un io n , aid ed th e reb els , Tru man was eag er to fig h t Co mmu n is ts o f an y s trip e. Dean A ch es o n , th en u n d ers ecretary o f s tate, arg u ed th at a Co mmu n is t v icto ry in Greece wo u ld b e d is as tro u s fo r th e Un ited States an d th e W es tern wo rld . He exp res s ed th is fear in th e s o -called " Ro tten A p p le Th eo ry :" if Greece an d Tu rkey wen t Co mmu n is t, th en , like a ro tten ap p le in a b arrel o f fru it, th e Co mmu n is t men ace wo u ld s p read to A frica, Eu ro p e, an d th e M id d le Eas t. A merican p o litician s wo u ld later res tate th is p o s itio n , u n d er d ifferen t circu ms tan ces , as th e " Do min o Th eo ry ." The Truman Doctrine On M arch 12, 1947, Harry Tru man ap p eared b efo re Co n g res s an d s et fo rth wh at wo u ld b eco me kn o wn as th e Tru man Do ctrin e. He as ked Co n g res s fo r $500 millio n in aid fo r Greece an d Tu rkey to p u t d o wn Co mmu n is t u p ris in g s . In o rd er to ju s tify Un ited States in v o lv emen t in th e in tern al affairs o f o th er co u n tries , Tru man s tated : " It mu s t b e th e p o licy o f th e Un ited States to s u p p o rt free p eo p les wh o are res is tin g attemp ted s u b ju g atio n b y armed min o rities o r b y o u ts id e p res s u res ...Th e free p eo p les o f th e wo rld lo o k to u s fo r s u p p o rt in main tain in g th eir freed o ms ." Th e Tru man Do ctrin e d id n o t o n ly in flu en ce Un ited States fo reig n p o licy in Greece. Fo r th e n ext s ev eral d ecad es , o th er A merican lead ers wo u ld refer to th e d o ctrin e as a ju s tificatio n fo r Un ited States in v o lv emen t in Ko rea, Vietn am, an d o th er n atio n s . Th e Co ld W ar als o s h ap ed Un ited States d o mes tic p o licy . Th e d o mes tic co n s eq u en ces o f th e Co ld W ar at mid -cen tu ry , in fact, are in cred ib ly imp o rtan t. So imp o rtan t th at we n amed Lectu re 24: " Th e Co ld W ar an d th e 1950s ." Lecture 23 Rela ed Web Link Conte nt Pre se nta tion Audie nce Li nk Info Colle ge Cold W a r Policie s, 1945-1991 Colle ge Se na tor Jose ph McCa rthy -- A Multim e dia Ce le bra tion High School "A BILL to provide m e a ns to e lim ina te the Com m unist nuisa nce ," by Arthur Ga rfie ld Ha ys Colle ge The Trum a n Doctrine (1947) Colle ge "The Hollyw ood Bla cklist," by Da n Ge orga ka s Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture23.html 5/5 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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