H102 Lecture 25_ Eisenhower and Kennedy

H102 Lecture 25_ Eisenhower and Kennedy - 12/22/11 H102...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned S a e K. Sch , P fe f Hi W i ia P. Ti h e , P d ce Lec re 25 Eisenhower and K enned A e ica f e ie P e id e Ei e h e a d Ke ed a b f ad ica d iffe e e a : h e a i, e '50 a d h e '60 . N e h e e , Ke ed , h i e f, a a d c f h e Ei e h e ea a d , he e c i i e hi i ic , e ca b eg i de a d ha he a aa a g e i e a h e " Ke ed M h" d h a e b e ie e. Th i ec e e a i e h e d e ic icie f D ig h D. Ei e h e a d J h F. Ke ed a e a A e ica' ea a f he i ic f a ii . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1. 2. 3. 4. Wh did s o man Americans "lik e Ik e? " Compare and contras t the public imag e of Adlai S tevens on and Harr S Truman. What was "d namic" about Eis enhower's "cons ervatis m? " Who was a more "d namic" pres ident: Ik e or J FK? The Campaign of 1952 D ig h Da id Ei e h e (18901969), a a " I e," a P e id e f h e U i ed S a e f 1953 1961. D i g W d W a II, h e h ad b ee e ec a de us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html 1/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned o f th e A llied fo rces , d irected th e in v as io n o f No rman d o n Ju n e 6, 1944, an d o v ers een th e fin al d efeat o f th e Na is . He later o rg an i ed th e militar fo rces o f th e No rth A tlan tic Treat Org an i atio n (NA TO). "Ik e" and four b rothers proudl e hib it mus k ies and northern pik e c aught on W is c ons in Lak e C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin A t war's en d , A merican s were wear o f s trife, war, eco n o mic d ep res s io n , an d p o litics . Ike s eemed u n tain ted an d h is p o p u larit was s o h ig h th at b o th th e Demo crats an d th e Rep u b lican s wan ted h im to ru n fo r p res id en t in 1948. A t th e time, h e refu s ed b o th o ffers , s a in g th at h e d id n o t fin d it ap p ro p riate fo r a g en eral to in v o lv e h ims elf in th e p o litical aren a. Ho wev er, h e ch an g ed h is min d in 1952 an d accep ted th e Rep u b lican n o min atio n . Eis en h o wer mad e o p p o s itio n to Un ited States militar in v o lv emen t in Ko rea th e cen ter o f h is camp aig n , alth o u g h h e h ad s u p p o rted Pres id en t Tru man 's d ecis io n to en ter th e co n flict. Eis en h o wer als o attacked th e Tru man ad min is tratio n fo r its s o ft s tan ce o n Co mmu n is m an d its alleg ed co rru p tio n . He d ev elo p ed a fo rmu la to d es crib e h is p lan o f actio n : K C C K1C2. B th is , Ike in d icated th at h e in ten d ed to take care o f o rea firs t, o mmu n is m an d o rru p tio n s eco n d . Eis en h o wer p ro mis ed " I s h all g o to Ko rea" an d , alth o u g h h e n ev er s aid wh at h e wo u ld d o o n ce h e g o t th ere, it s o u n d ed like a s o u n d p lan to th e A merican p u b lic. If Gen eral Eis en h o wer p ro mis ed to g o to Ko rea, man A merican s b eliev ed , th en th e war wo u ld s o o n b e o v er. Th e Demo cratic p art d rafted A d lai E. Stev en s o n , g o v ern o r o f Illin o is , to ru n ag ain s t Eis en h o wer in 1952 an d ag ain in 1956. Stev en s o n , a relu ctan t can d id ate, ap p ealed to u p p er cru s t in tellectu als , b u t h e co u ld n o t co mp ete with Ike's immen s e p o p u larit . Eis en h o wer's b ro ad ap p eal was ech o ed in th e s imp le s lo g an o f h is camp aig n b u tto n s an d p o s ters : " I Like Ike!" Adlai Stevens on at a Madis on, W I b anquet during Pres idential c ampaign C op right 1997 S tate Historical S ociet of W isconsin us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html 2/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned Campaign po e fo Adlai S e en on and E e Kefa e C igh 1997 S a e Hi Ei e h e ' i g a e a Se a Rich a d Ni b ief h ea e ed h i ace h e Re b ica ic e h f d Ni ' e a b a acc . Ni eech . He d e ied acce i g a e de he g if . Hi ife, Pa , h ad ecei ed a " ai Re b ica cce a ie h e h ad a ed Ch ec e . F "I' gig b ea ica S cie f Wi c i f Ca if ia. A ca d a eg a d i g Ni ' ca aig f d . C i ic ch a g ed h a e e e d i e i g a i i ai e' a ag ed h i ca d id ac h e h e ad e a i a i ed e e i ed ab e, b ad i ed h a h i fa i h ad acce ed ici ed c h c a " a d h i d a g h e h ad acce ed a b ac a d h i e fe i , Ni aid h e A e ica e e: ha i e gi ' hea b a i ga a ha d g." Ei e h e ecei ed e 55% f h e a e a d d efea ed S e e ea i i 1952. I b eca e c ea h a I e' ie f h e e id e c a i e d iffe e f h a f h i i ed ia e ed ece . I e d id ' b e ie e h a h e P e id e h d b e a ag e f cia ef , a h ad b ee h e ca e i h h e Ne Dea a d h e Fai Dea . W h e a ed h he a ' e di g e bi C g e , Ei e h e e ied , " I d ' fe e i e I h d ag he ." "D namic Conse rvatism" I ead , Ei e h e ad e i ed h i D a ic C e a i , Ei e h e g a a "D ea : 1. B d g e c i g 2. G e e f b ig b i e 3. Th e e f fed e a f c i b ac I hi "I a ic C a ea d ca g e ai e ," a a" de Re b ica i ." B e d: i be a c e ai e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html he i c e h e ae a bei g ." a d a ibe a he i c e 3/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned D ight D. Eis enho er (1890-1969) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in Ei en h o e ' ch o ice o f cab in e memb e d emo n a ed h i p p o fo b ig b in e . Eig h o f h e n in e memb e o f Ei en h o e ' cab in e e e millio n ai e co p o a e e ec i e . Th ee men -- Ch a le E. W il o n , A h S mme field , an d Do g la M cKa -- h ad ie o Gen e al M o o , h ich p o mp ed A d lai S e en o n o a , "T he Ne Ei en h o e aa Deale ha e all lef Wa hing on o make a fo he ca deale ." a n ch o p p o n en o f d efici p en d in g an d h e e o ed h e fo llo in g leg i la io n : T o p b lic h o in g mea e T o an i- ece io n p b lic o k p o jec A n i-p o ll io n leg i la io n A n a ea ed e elo p men p o p o al To b e fai , Ei en h o e ' e m d id ee a i e in So cial Sec i co e ag e, in o d c io n o f a h ig h e min im m ag e, an d e p an d ed n emp lo men in an ce co e ag e. A l h o g h h e an ed o b alan ce h e fed e al b d g e , h e e e e h ee o b acle o Ei en h o e ' a emp o ed ce fed e al p en d in g : 1. G o in g d eman d fo mili a an d fo eig n aid 2. Neg a i e effec o n eco n o m h en h e fed e al g o e n men ed ced p en d in g 3. Un accep ab le p o li ical co A a e l , h e en d o f h e Ei en h o e ad min i $266 b illio n in 1953 o $286 b illio n in 1959. a io n a h e h ig h e p eace ime d efici o h a ime. I h ad g o n f o m The Call for an Active Pre side nc B 1959, a g ea d eb a e a b e in g in A me ican o cie ab o h e p e en an d f e o f h e Un i ed S a e . Th i d eb a e cen e ed a o n d o majo fo cal p o in : 1) A me ica' p i i al an d c l al malai e, an d 2) Co ld W a p o li ic . us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html 4/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned M 1960 , A MC .A J F. K -- -- R A N R D . The 1960 campaign T C P E , - A H .W ,N , I 1956 N N ' .H , , , R "N N ." T N . O N .K , S Pro files in Co ra g e, , JFK H , R C H J F. K , , M D D .I J MC ,K , .P P .H ,J K C I , P A .T 1928. I 1960, W V , .B K , . ,A R C AS , JFK P , D C H . John Fit ge rald Ke nne d (1917-1963) K 120,000. O , ,K "N A F ." O , N , F : 1. A 2. A 3. C W J ohn F. Kenned (1917-1963) C 1997 S S H S W ,K N 1. Increas ed federal aid for education. D 2. Medical care for the elderl . D M M us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html F , C : . K , . 5/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 25: Eisenhower and Kenned 3. Inc ea e in he minim m ag e. Pas s ed . 4. U ban efo m . Mo d es t s u cces s . 5. Ci il ig h . No n e. Des p ite th e lin g erin g m th th at JFK was a s tro n g p ro p o n en t o f civ il rig h ts , h is ad min is tratio n s aw n o majo r civ il rig h ts leg is latio n . It was actu all b ro th er Ro b ert Ken n ed , JFK's atto rn e g en eral, wh o was co mmitted to civ il rig h ts . JFK, afraid o f lo s in g th e alwa s ten u o u s s u p p o rt o f So u th ern Demo crats , p u t civ il rig h ts o n th e b ack b u rn er o n ce h e was in o ffice. 6. End o po e . No . 7. Majo a c . Defeated . 8. Cold Wa g oal . Yes , K us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture25.html 6/6 ...
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