H102 Lecture 26_ Civil Rights in an Uncivil Society

H102 Lecture 26_ Civil Rights in an Uncivil Society -...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ S K. S ,P W P. T H ,P Lec re 26 Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ T W W II 1950 1960 . M , , J ., M A. P R , X. T M L K , , , . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1. Compare and contras t the tactics purs ued b Book er T. Was hing ton, W.E.B. Du Bois , and Marcus Garve with thos e of pos t-WWII civil rig hts leaders . 2. Compare the tactics purs ued b women's rig hts leaders in the earl twentieth centur with the tactics purs ued b civil rig hts leaders in the latter half of the twentieth centur . 3. Did mig ration to northern cities empower African-Americans politicall and economicall ? Wh or wh not? 4. Compare the g oals and tactics of the NAACP in the 1 9 3 0 s with thos e of A. Philip Randolph and his s upporters in the 1 9 4 0 s . Which g roup was more effective in achieving political g ains for AfricanAmericans ? Civil Rights from the 1920s to World War II I W ,D B , G , .T U A -A 1920 S S , N G D W .D , .T 1940 , , .D A S S N .A , , ,1 A A - 1950. T , R A 1920 -A us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture26.html 1930 . T , A , -A , N Y H 'H , .S 1/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ J ,C MK , J A .A T B ,L , H A T ,Z -A N H H R A W , ' . , 1. A ,J : -A , , , . 2. T ; A S . The 1930 : The NAACP and he Co I 1909, A A C P NA A CP (N U S .A 1940 , NA A CP ), 1930 A .T : 1. I 2. I A . . A. Philip Randolph and he M a ch on Wa hing on M o e me n D ,A N S CP S S -A .P , , , , R A. P .T (1889-1979). R A -A W D. C., R : .R ' P A F D. R .T B .I M A -A P H A U , S . FDR R 1. T 2. A 3. G R W .R A H - : . . A . R IJ us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture26.html 1941, R , 1941, ' . R 2/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ W 8802, C O P ,R E FE (FEPC). T P ' , .T , , FEPC . Photograph of b illb oard promoting legis lation for fair emplo ment prac tic es C 1997 S A , H S W FEPC , a f er . FDR FEPC , D .S "I S R : ' , , ." T FEPC. A , , A , , -A .D D , H 1943, , . CORE I 1942, C CORE C .T , , - A R E (CORE) U .A CORE , , F R M A , A - . Ci il Righ Af e Wo ld Wa II A W 1. W 2. E W II, : .M . 1946. R D D .B 1940 , , 1950 , , , . P e ide n T man and Ci il Righ us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture26.html 3/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ A NA A CP. I 1947, A , (1919-1972) .P T R -A .H .Y , FEPC 1948, T . A. P J ,J ,T ' 1946, " J R D .T " T , .T B C .I .D W , K ,T .C ,T W C .N II, .I , . - Eis e nhowe r and Civil Rights B E W .A NA A CP E .T L , H , E B , CORE , - S C 1954, .C , B o n . Bo a d o f Ed ca io n o f To p ek a , Ka n a . I NA A CP, T ,K , .B , M 17, 1954, S C " ' ' ." S A " . , d el i b e a e ." T , ' S "I .E , C .R E ' : ." M ontgome r Bus Bo cott of 1956 A : .I D 1955, , M ,A M , - , .S M L K, .S .U 70% 60 .A K ,R , P , , .E , , ,J .T K ' , , 27- J .K "T ." M artin Luthe r King, Jr. and M alcolm X T M L K ,J . : .T M " M X (1925-1965) us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture26.html G ." K 4/5 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 26: Civil Rights in an Uncivil Societ in teg ratio n . X was b o rn M alco lm Little, th e s o n o f a Bap tis t p reach er wh o fo llo wed M arcu s Garv e . W h en h e was a b o , memb ers o f a Klan -like o rg an i atio n mu rd ered h is fath er. He d ro p p ed o u t o f s ch o o l after th e eig h th g rad e an d mo v ed to Detro it, wh ere h e led a life o f crime. In p ris o n , h e en co u n tered th e relig io u s teach in g s o f Elijah M u h ammad , lead er o f th e Lo s t-Fo u n d Natio n o f Is lam, an o rg an i atio n kn o wn p o p u larl as th e Black M u s lims . Elijah M u h ammad 's mes s ag e ran co u n ter to th e p h ilo s o p h o f in teg ratio n . He arg u ed th at wh ite men were d ev ils an d th at b lacks to ad d res s th eir s o cial p ro b lems alo n e. M alco lm Little s o o n b ecame a lo al fo llo wer an d to o k " X" as h is las t n ame as a s mb o l o f th e id en tit s to len fro m th e A frican s lav es . Becau s e o f a g ro win g riv alr , M u h ammad s u s p en d ed X fro m th e Black M u s lims in 1963. A few mo n th s later, X mad e a p ilg rimag e to M ecca, d is co v ered th at Is lam an d in teg ratio n were n o t in co mp atib le, an d ab an d o n ed th e arg u men t th at all wh ites were d ev ils . He s o o n to o k th e n ame El-Hajj M alik El-Sh ab a an d retu rn ed to A merica to fo u n d th e Org an i atio n o f A fro -A merican Un it . On Feb ru ar 21, 1965, Sh ab a was lead in g a rall o f h is o rg an i atio n wh en h e was as s as s in ated b a Black M u s lim. So he n Re i ance In 1 us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture26.html 5/5 ...
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