H102 Lecture 27_ The Almost Great Society_ The 1960s

H102 Lecture 27_ The Almost Great Society_ The 1960s -...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s S a e K. Sch , P fe f Hi W i ia P. Ti h e , P d ce Lec re 27 The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s N e i Ra h E i , a h f In isib le Ma n , ce ca ed L d Bai e J h " Th e g e a e e id e e e f h e a d h e Neg e " a d h i i ce ai he a ha J h a ed Th i e c e f c e he d e ic ag e d a E i h ad i i d : ci i ig h a d h e W a a P e id e J h ' hi h ie a d i ica e h d , e e h ci i ig h e ac i h e i e e f A f ica -A e ica , a d d i c he c e e ce f h e ci i ig h eg i a i a ed d i g h i ad i i a i . A e ica b e e e b e ed . P e . We i c i ced h i ha C g e S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1. Compare and contras t the views of LBJ and Eis enhower toward the role of the Pres ident and the relations hip between the Pres ident and Cong res s . 2. What were the primar g oals of the civil rig hts movement in the ears leading up to 1 9 6 5 ? Did members of the movement meet their g oals during J ohns on's adminis tration? 3. How did LBJ 's "Great S ociet " differ from FDR's New Deal? How were the s imilar? L d Bai e J h (1908-1973) a P e id e f h e U i ed S a e f 1963 1969. I Te a , J h a h e a e d i ec f he Na i a Y h A d i i a i , a Ne Dea ag e c . He ca e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html 1/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s W D. C. S N H 1949 F. K S J D D R 1937 U 1955. O .H S D K J , ' . L ndon Baines J ohns on (1908-1973) C 1997 S T H JFK S W N 1963, ,J .J .O ," " T " W ; T H .N , ,E , , D "J ' .A P , , , ,J .D ,J D . Civil Rights Le gislation Unde r Johnson O J C C R A 1964. I : 1. The law barred dis crimination on the bas is of race in public accommodations in the United S tates - T , , , , .T , B H "M . M ' ." 2. It authori ed the J us tice Department to bring s uit ag ains t s tates that dis criminated ag ains t women and minorities . 3. It g uaranteed equal opportunities in the work place - I " , 25 , 1970 E , R ." T A .M - ERA 1964 , . T C R .B A 1964 us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html , 1960 , A -A , . 2/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s Voting Rights Act of 1965 Vio len ce in Selma, A lab ama, h ig h lig h ed h e n eed fo g en ac io n in h e a ea o f o in g ig h . Selma' co n h ad 15,000 elig ib le b lack o e , e o n l 335 h ad b een ab le o eg i e . In 1965, n o n io len p o e e d e cen d ed o n Selma o ma ch f o m h a ci o h e a e cap i o l in M o n g o me . Go e n o Geo g e W allace, h o , in h i 1963 in a g al ad d e , h ad p o mi ed " Seg eg a io n fo e e !" en in a e o o p e an d io len ce en ed . On e ci il ig h o ke a m d e ed b an e emi . In e p o n e o h i io len ce, Co n g e p a ed h e Vo in g Rig h A c o f 1965, h ich elimin a ed a io b a ie o eg i a io n -- ch a li e ac e -- h a W h i e o h e n e h ad ad i io n all ed o e ic A f ican -A me ican o in g . P e id en Jo h n o n , e e h e o p p o n i , p b licl ad e i ed h e fac h a h e o ld ig n h e b ill in h e ame o o m h e e, a cen b efo e, P e id en Lin co ln h ad ig n ed a d o c men o f ee la e co n c ip ed in o h e Co n fed e a e A m . A Ne Dire ction in the Fight for Ci il Rights A f e p a ag e o f h e Ci il Rig h Bill in 1964 an d Vo in g Rig h Bill in 1965, o me lead e claimed ic o fo h e ci il ig h mo emen . Th e e a almo n i e al ag eemen p o h a p o in o n h e co n e o n e o f h e ci il ig h mo emen : 1. Th e g o al a in eg a io n . 2. Th e mean h o ld b e n o n io len . A f e 1964, h o e e , man ci il ig h ad o ca e d o b ed h a h e l h ad ach ie ed h e g o al o f f ll ci il ig h fo A f ican -A me ican . M o e an d mo e p eo p le b eg an o d i ag ee i h in eg a io n an d n o n io len ce. M alco lm X, fo e amp le, c i ici ed Re e en d M a in L h e Kin g ' ap p eal o fo llo Ch i ian p ac ice an d o " n h e o h e ch eek," an d a ed h a I lam h ad allo ed A f ican -A me ican " o an d o n o o n fee an d o l e o p o b lem o el e in ead o f d ep en d in g o n h i e p eo p le o o l e h em fo ." F o m 1964 o 1968, man b lack lead e in c ea in g l ep d ia ed in eg a io n in fa o o f b lack ep a a i m an d n o n - io len e i an ce in fa o o f elf-d efen e. A h e d ecad e en o n , a d efin i e if b eg an o fo m in h e ci il ig h mo emen . S o kel Ca mich ael (p ic e) a o n e o f h e lead e o f h e S d en No n io len Co o d in a in g Co mmi ee (SNCC), h ich h ad b eg n a a n o n - io len , in eg a io n i o g an i a io n , in men al in h e i -in an d F eed o m Rid e o f h e ea l 1960 . In 1964 an d 1965, h o e e , Ca mich ael an d SNCC ep d ia ed in eg a io n an d p a i e e i an ce an d called , in ead , fo h e e cl io n o f h i e f o m A f ican -A me ican ci il ig h o g an i a io n . Said Ca mich ael: "I am no going o beg he hi e man fo an hing I de e e. I' m going o ake i ." " Black Po e " g ad all b ecame a n e fo c a e ed : in h e ci il ig h mo emen . In h o , ch amp io n o f Black Po e 1. Black h o ld d o h in g fo h em el e a h e h an el o n h e ch a i o f W h i e p o li ician . 2. Black h o ld d efen d h em el e an d fig h b ack if n ece a . 3. Black h o ld d e elo p an d emp h a i e p id e in h ei o n c l e. Th e Black Po e mo emen called fo , an d h elp ed in i co o p e a i e , an d in d ep en d en ch o o l fo b lack . A Ca mich ael o ld in c ea in g l "We don' need Th i h in kin g d i mp a h e ic memb e in e e an d b lack o f CORE, hi e libe al . We ha e o make in eg a ion i ele an ." b ed mo e co n e a i e memb e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html e b lack p o li ical p a ie , b lack-o n ed b o f CORE a ell a h e NA A CP, h ich h ad al a emp h a i ed 3/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s h e n eed fo h i e allie in h e mo emen . The "Long Hot Summe rs " B h e mid 1960 , acial en io n h ad g o n e b e o n d i -in an d F eed o m Rid e . A e ie o f majo io --o eb ellio n , d ep en d in g o n o p o in o f ie --e p ed d in g h e la e p a o f h e d ecad e, in cl d in g : 1964--Rio in Ha lem an d Bed fo d -S 1965--Rio in h e W a e an , Ne Yo k Ci ec io n o f Lo A n g ele . M alco lm X killed in Ne Yo k. 1967--Se e al d o en io , in cl d in g o n e in Ne a k an d De o i . 1968--M a in L h e Kin g , J . killed o n A p il 4 an d ace io -- h ich Kin g ab h o ed --b o ke o co n a o nd he . In e p o n e, P e id en Jo h n o n ap p o in ed h e Na io n al A d i o Co mmi io n o n Ci il Di o d e , al o kn o n a h e Ke n e Co mmi io n . Th e Ke n e Co mmi io n fo n d h a h e co n a d i id ed , alo n g acial an d o cio -eco n o mic lin e , in o o o cie ie : 40% o f n o n - h i e li ed b elo h e fed e al g o e n men ' p o e lin e, b lack men e e ice a likel o b e n emp lo ed a h i e an d h ee ime a likel o b e in lo - kill jo b . Th e co mmi io n ie ed h i p o e a h e ca e o f c ime an d ci il n e , co n cl d in g : "ch onic po e i a b eede of ch onic chao ." Th e P e id en , fo h e mo p a , ig n o ed h e fin d in g o f h e co mmi io n , al h o g h h e d id p h fo h e Ci il Rig h A c o f 1968, h e la ig n ifican p iece o f ci il ig h leg i la io n o f h e e a. Th e Ci il Rig h A c o f 1968: 1. Ba ed d i c imin a io n in h e ale o en al o f h o in g (affec in g 80% o f h e n a io n ' o al h o in g n i ). 2. Mad e i a fed e al c ime o c o a e lin e o in ci e a io . Th e eco n d p o in d emo n a ed an ap p eal o h e eme g in g h i e b ackla h ag ain h e io len ac ic o f o me b lack d emo n a o . So , al h o g h , h e Jo h n o n ad min i a io n mad e g ea p o g e in h e ealm o f ci il ig h , i al o p aid h o mag e o h i e co n e a i e b h e en d o f h e d ecad e. The "War on Pove rt " Th e ad an cemen o f ci il ig h fo A f ican -A me ican a o n l o n e i em o n Jo h n o n ' amb i io d o me ic ag en d a. Th e eco n d i em a h e " W a o n Po e ." In 1963, h o l b efo e h e a a a in a ed , P e id en Ken n ed h ad a ked h i eco n o mic ad i o o d a p o me p o p o al o ad d e h e p o b lem o f A me ican p o e . Jo h n o n o o k p h i ch a g e af e h e cceed ed Ken n ed a P e id en . In Jo h n o n ' fi S a e o f h e Un io n ad d e o n J n e 8, 1964, h e called fo an n co n d i io n al a o d efea p o e . He e p an d ed an d e i ed h e p o p o al g i en o Ken n ed an d d e elo p ed h e Eco n o mic Op p o n i A c o f 1964. Th e ac in cl d ed a a ie o f in i ia i e : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Head S a Jo b Co p W o k-S d p o g am fo VISTA (Vo l n ee ni e i d en in Se ice o A me ica) - a d o me ic e io n o f h e Peace Co p Neig h b o h o o d Yo h Co p Ba ic ed ca io n an d ad l jo b ain in g CA PS (Co mm n i A c io n P o g am ) - CA PS n ed o o b e h e mo co n o e ial p a o f h e p ackag e, a i p o p o ed h e " ma im m fea ib le p a icip a io n " b p o o p eo p le h em el e us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html o d e e min e h a o ld h elp h em 4/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s . CA PS . T E O A , . B 1966, C $1 $4 . Ta Cuts IF 1964, LBJ .O K C : $10 $45 , .A .T , GNP , , K . The Gre at Socie t F P S J "G S F 1964. H " D. R , G "A ." T G S : A . A . A . T J , ,B 'R "A A ," G .G , , .H , , S S .G .C G : "M ...O R ." Barr Goldwater (1909- ) C 1997 S H S us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html W 5/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s T J ,D G G H' R HM .O , "I Y H YK "I Y H YK ' ," ." Bumper s tic k er s tates : "Goldwater m [pic ture of an as s ]" C W H H M S "F E A F D A N F 1964 H S W .J , 61% . LBJ' , - 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. G D .H .T A T ,J , 1997 S C I M P E L G -N C " "F E ' -N " : . . . S H E U A. D . R , I L B J , F L . . E 1920 . S F . E -N C A N "I D C .S S 1965 1967 ,J W. M C H , : C ." "If onl it hadn't be e n for Vie tnam..." H U S V , P "W , J ' .S P ." T J V W, .T , , ' L 28: " T A C ." Lecture 27 Rela ed Web Link Conte nt Pre se nta tion Li nk Colle ge us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html Audie nce Info "The Unfinishe d W a r [on pove rt ]," b Nichola s Le m a nn 6/7 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 27: The Almost Great Societ : The 1960s Colle ge LBJ in the Ova l Office Colle ge Stoke ly Ca rm icha e l Spe a ks on Fre e dom a nd W hite Am e rica Colle ge Cuba n Missile Crisis: Note from Khrushche v to John F. Ke nne dy Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : || 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 || || 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 || || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor .wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture27.html 7/7 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 058 taught by Professor Babice during the Fall '10 term at Everglades.

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