H102 Lecture 29_ The Twilight of Liberalism_ The Nixon Years

H102 Lecture 29_ The Twilight of Liberalism_ The Nixon...

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Unformatted text preview: 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years S an le K. Sch l , P o fe o o f Hi o W illiam P. Ti h le , P o d ce Lec re 29 The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years In h e ea l 1960 , i eemed h a h e p o li ical ca ee o f Rich a d M ilh o Ni o n h ad co me o an en d . Ha in g e ed D ig h D. Ei en h o e fo eig h ea a ice p e id en , Ni o n lo b o h h e p e id en ial ace in 1960, an d h e Califo n ia g b e n a o ial ace in 1962. A f e h i 1962 lo , Ni o n , h o a al a d i f l o f h e med ia, h eld a p e co n fe en ce h e e h e d ecla ed o h e p e : " Yo o n ' h a e Dick Ni o n o kick a o n d an mo e." Fo h e n e fe ea , Ni o n en jo ed a cce f l ca ee a a co p o a e la e h ile h e eb il h i p o li ical b a e. In 1968, h e o n h e Rep b lican n o min a io n fo p e id en an d h en d efea ed H b e H mp h e , h i Demo c a ic o p p o n en , o in h e W h i e Ho e. Th i lec e e amin e Ni o n ' p o li ical co meb ack af e 1968 a ell a h e an fo ma io n o f b o h h e Rep b lican an d Demo c a ic p a ie . S ome ques tions to k eep in mind: 1 . What as the "S ilent Majorit " and hat role did it pla in the 1 9 6 8 pres idential election? 2 . Compare and contras t Richard Ni on's economic polic ith that of J FK and LBJ . 3 . Ho did s ocial is s ues help to define a ne role for the Republican Part in the late '6 0 s and for the Democratic Part in the earl '7 0 s ? 4 . Ho did the Cold War s hape Ni on's pres idenc ? The 1968 Pre side ntial Campaign Be een 1962 and 1968, Richa d Milho Ni on (1913- 1994) did no n fo poli ical office, b he did campaign igo o l on behalf of o he Rep blican , mo no abl Ba Gold a e us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html 1/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years in 1964. A a e l , b he 1968 Rep blican Con en ion in Miami, Ni on had eb il hi poli ical ba e and cap ed he Rep blican p e iden ial nomina ion. Hi onl e io Rep blican compe i o a Ronald Reagan, hen go e no of Califo nia, b Ni on on he nomina ion ea il . Ric hard M. Ni on (1913-1996) C op igh 1997 S a e Hi o ical S ocie of W i con in The M an Face s of Ni on: Part One , The Harmoni e r B h e 1968 p e id en ial ace, Vie n am, acial ife, an d o cial n e h ad f ac ed h e Un i ed S a e an d f ig h en ed man A me ican . Ni o n p la ed o n h e e co n ce n an d ied o ell h im elf a a can d id a e o f la an d o d e an d o cial h a mo n . In h i accep an ce p eech a h e Rep b lican Na io n al Co n en io n in M iami, Ni o n aid : "We ee Ame ican ha ing each o he , killing each o he a home. And a e ee and hea he e hing , million of Ame ican c o in ang i h, did e come all he a fo hi ?" Ni o n claimed h a h e " Silen M ajo i " -- h o e A me ican h o e e fed p i h acial io len ce, c ime, a , an d p o e -- o ld p p o h i p o licie . In h i ie , A me ican h o d emo n a ed ag ain h e in o l emen o f h e Un i ed S a e in h e Vie n am W a e e a n o i min o i . Th e Silen M ajo i , o n h e o h e h an d , a co n ce n ed i h " Th e So cial I e," h ich co n i ed o f h e fo llo in g p o in : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Fea o f i in g c ime a e Fea o f o cial io len ce Fea o f id e p ead d g ab e Co n ce n ab o e al p e mi i en e Co n ce n ab o d i d ain fo p a io i m Fea o f acial en io n De i e fo la an d o d e Ge orge Wallace and the Ame rican Inde pe nde nce Part Go e n o Geo g e W allace o f A lab ama mad e a h i d -p a b id fo h e p e id en c in 1968. W allace a an h in g b a h a mo n i e . He ca e ed d i ec l o h e e en men o f h i p p o e an d a acked " p o in -h ead ed in ellec al mo o n ," ep e en a i e o f h e co n e -c l e, an d elfa e mo h e . W allace' n n in g ma e a e i ed A i Fo ce g en e al C i LeM a , h o p o ke p b licl in fa o o f in g A me ican mili a mig h in h e Vie n am W a o b o mb h e No h Vie n ame e " b ack in o h e S o n e A g e." Th i mili a h e o ic f ig h en ed man A me ican . Th e A me ican In d ep en d en ce Pa , h o e e , a n o h e o n l p o li ical g o p ep e en ed b o n e-d eaf p b lic p eake . Ni o n , h im elf, h ad ch o en Go e n o Sp i o T. A g n e o f M a lan d , a co mp o mi e can d id a e accep ab le o b o h n o h e n an d o h e n Rep b lican , o b e h i n n in g ma e in 1968. A g n e eemed o p e o n if h e e eo p e us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html 2/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years " "R A , , " - MC , A H , ,A "I M , T MC D ,P O H - ' P L - ' C ' , - ." .O M 31, 1968, .S E N Y .A .T D B. J , S K C H C " , M , H .I ." H ." I A , H ,J R F. K C D 'V P , , N . Hub ert Humphre (1911-1979) C 1997 S H S Rob ert Kenned (1925-1968) W C H H S W : 1. T 2. J H 1997 S R N , H J ' ' V D ' A W W N : 0.7%. H . . . V N .I 43% , ,N , --O H 31, 1968- The Eme rging Re publican Part I 1969, K P , N N us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html ' , R Th e Emerg in g Rep u b lica n Ma jo rit , P A .P 3/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years A , S , - A "N D 1. U 2. B 3. S , C 1960 . S " 1972 M P I N , .N : ,I , P - I ,N : 1. A 2. E 3. D R C The M an Face s of Ni on: Part T o, The Libe ral Patriotic Racis t I ,N .F " , " 1971. S , 1971. I A 1971, P C C 1969 F A , 5% N , ,N $2,400 N .O , C L 90C P, A , .T .T C .T S N Racis t Rig ht- ing er, 1. O 2. C 3. C . : : . " " . .I M 1972, C - . 4. U S N C U C L 1986, , - N S Liberal .T Patriotic Moderate 1. A 2. S 3. O ,N , P W , ,H ,W R C B E. B , . S S C .T S G. H C H , .H P , , C C J J U S , S , 1969 C . The De clining De mocratic Part H ,N 1972 .C 1972 1972 T D 1968 D .T , us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html C P ' .A , D , N P , , , . D , G M , 4/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years p o werfu l lead er o f th e A FL-CIO. In 1972, th e Demo cratic Party n o min ated fo r p res id en t Sen ato r Geo rg e M cGo v ern o f So u th Dako ta. He was o n e o f th e firs t lib eral Demo crats to o p p o s e A merican in v o lv emen t in Vietn am an d h e s u p p o rted th e p eace activ is ts . To h is o p p o n en ts , M cGo v ern rep res en ted th e co u n ter-cu ltu re. Th ey b eliev ed th at h e was a memb er o f th e far left wh o es p o u s ed id eas far o u t o f th e p o litical main s tream. Rep u b lican s man ag ed to p in th ree lab els o n M cGo v ern : 1. A mn es ty (fo r war p ro tes to rs ) 2. A b o rtio n (th at M cGo v ern s u p p o rted wo men 's rep ro d u ctiv e rig h ts ) 3. A cid (th e claim th at McGo v ern was p ermis s iv e wh en it came to d ru g u s e) George Mc Go ern (1922- ), p b lic offic ial C opyright 1997 S tate Historical S ociety of W isconsin It mad e n o d ifferen ce th at M cGo v ern h ims elf id en tified o n ly with th e firs t o f th es e " 3 A 's " --A mn es ty . He s aid " I lo ath e th e war in So u th eas t A s ia," an d h e ad v o cated p o litical amn es ty fo r th o s e wh o h ad b u rn ed th eir d raft card s o r fled to Can ad a to av o id co n s crip tio n . Ho wev er, M cGo v ern n ev er called fo r th e leg alizatio n o f ab o rtio n , n o r d id h e en co u rag e illeg al d ru g u s e. But, McGovern seemed to personify everything that the "New Majority" despised. In 1972, Nixon finally got the landslide he desired. After the votes were tallied, he received 61% of the popular vote and 520 votes in the electoral college to McGovern's 17. The American electorate had apparently granted Nixon the popular mandate that he craved and that he had worked so hard to cultivate. Of course, there had been one other t in little issue in the presidential campaign, an issue that would come back to haunt Nixon in the years after the 1972 election. The story of that little break- in at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, as well as the story of Nixon's foreign policy achievements, are incredibly fascinating and extraordinarily important parts of our story. So important, in fact, that we'll turn to them in Lecture 30: "America Sinking Through a Watergate." Lec re 29 Rela ed Web Link Content Presentation Audience Link Info Colle ge The Richa rd Nix on Audio Archive High School The Rise a nd Fa ll of a n Am e rica n Populist: Ge orge W a lla ce Colle ge "Kicking Tricky Dicky Around One La st Tim e ," by Tim Pa tte rson Skip Dire ctly To Le cture : 01 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html 02 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 5/6 12/22/11 H102 Lecture 29: The T ilight of Liberalism: The Ni on Years || 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 || Home Cours e Guide Bios Photos Exams Calendar Comments /S ig n-in 1999 Bo ard o f Reg en ts o f th e Un iv ers ity o f W is co n s in Sy s tem us.histor . isc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html 6/6 ...
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