World Hist ch. 2 & 3

World Hist ch. 2 & 3 - Chapter 2 The Beginnings of...

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Chapter 2 The Beginnings of Our Global Age: Europe, Africa, and Asia 1415-1796
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The Search for Spices
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The Search for Spices 1. Crusades introduced Europeans to luxury  items from Asia. empire disrupts overland trade. 3. Most valuable items spices; used to  preserve food, make medicines. 4. Chief source of spices Moluccas, part of  Indonesia, known then as the Spice Islands.
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Italian/Venitian merchants  controlled most trade between  6. Europeans outside of Italy  wanted to gain direct access to  Asia.
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Prince Henry the Navigator 1. Led the way in  sponsoring  exploration for  Portugal. 2. His navigators  discovered and  claimed Madeira and  Azores islands.
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Prince Henry continued 3. hoped to reach Asia by going along the African coast. 4. Gathered scientists, cartographers. 5. Redesigned ships, prepared maps and trained sailors  for long voyages.
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Bartholomeu Dias In 1488 sailed  around the  southern tip of  Africa.  Tip  became known  as the Cape of  Good Hope
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Vasco da Gama Reached the great  spice port of Calicut  on the West Coast of  India. Forced a treaty on  the ruler of Calicut
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Portugal seized key ports around the Indian Ocean, creating a vast trading empire. Defeated the Muslim Arabs to gain domination of trade in the Indian Ocean.
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Christopher Columbus Wanted to reach the East Indies by sailing West. Voyage sponsored by Ferdinand and Isabella of  Spain. Columbus died believing he had reached the East  Indies.
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Line of Demarcation Set by the pope Gives the “New World” to  Spain. Portugal for colonization.
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Treaty of Tordesillas Moves the line  of Demarcation  to the west  giving Portugal  control of Brazil.
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Ferdinand Magellan Commanded first  expedition to  circumnavigate the  world. His voyage proved  the world was round  and much larger  than anyone  believed.
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Ferdinand Magellan’s voyage proved that the lands where Columbus had landed were not part of Asia. Magellan sailed for Spain.
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Portuguese Established footholds on the coast of West Africa Attacked coastal cities of East Africa such as Mombasa  and Malindi. Took over the Arabs’ thriving East Africa trade network.
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Slavery Slavery had existed in Africa since ancient  times.   Europeans began to view slaves as the most  important aspect of the African trade. European involvement expanded the African 
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World Hist ch. 2 & 3 - Chapter 2 The Beginnings of...

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