World History Ch. 4 sec. 2

World History Ch. 4 sec. 2 - Section 2 France Under Louis...

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Section 2 France Under Louis XIV
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Age of Absolutism: France During the 1500s France was in a state of civil war between the Catholics and the Huguenots (French Protestants/Calvinists). France had been ruled by the Valois dynasty since 1328. By 1559 France’s long series of wars with Spain, for control of Italy had come to an end. Spain was the clear winner.
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St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre In 1559 Henry II , the King of France (Valois dynasty) died, he was succeeded, in turn by three of his sons. Henry’s three sons were weak and during their reigns the real ruler was their mother Catherine de Medici . During Catherine’s time of power the civil war between Catholics and Huguenots continued. Under pressure from his Mother King Charles IX ordered the St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre in which 12,000 Huguenots were killed.
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French Civil War During the civil war two noble families opposed each other. The Bourbon family was Huguenot and the Guise family was Catholic. Catholic King Philip II of Spain sent support to the Guise family. It appeared that the Guise family might be victorious and win control of France. Many French people (both Catholics and Protestants) were outraged. They did not want France’s long time enemy Philip II of Spain, to be able to pick France’s king. This popular opposition turns the tide against the Guise family.
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Henry of of Navarre/Henry IV When the last Valois king died (stabbed to death) the heir to the throne was the Bourbon prince Henry of Navarre . Henry of Navarre becomes King Henry IV . Henry IV was a Huguenot but he converts to Catholicism so that Catholics would consent to his becoming King ( Catholics were the majority in France).
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World History Ch. 4 sec. 2 - Section 2 France Under Louis...

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