World History Ch. 4 sec. 3 part 1

World History Ch. 4 sec. 3 part 1 - AgeofAbsolutism...

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Age of Absolutism English Monarchs
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English Monarchs English Monarchs were not as absolute  in their rule as other European  Monarchs. The English Monarchs were limited by  parliament  and the English courts of  law.
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Tudor Dynasty 1485-1603
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How English Monarchs gained  power. Avoiding War When an English Monarch went to war they  would have to request money from  parliament. Parliament would make demands on the  monarch in exchange for money.  (purse  strings or power of the purse) Wars tended to strengthen Parliament relative  to the king.
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Henry VII First Tudor   Monarch Came to  power after  victory in  Wars of the  Roses
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Henry VIII Began to make  England a great  naval power. Broke with the  pope and the  Catholic Church
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Edward VI 1547-1553 Only 10 years old  when he became  king. Brought Protestant   doctrines to English  Church
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Mary I  (Bloody Mary) Restored  Catholicism to  England Married Philip II   of Spain Had 300  Protestants  burned at the  stake .
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Elizabeth I She was the half  sister of both Mary I  and Edward VI Ruled England from  1558-1603. Her rule was  considered a  Golden Age  for  England
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Elizabeth I Continued People expected her to marry and her husband  to rule.  Even Philip II hope to marry her. Elizabeth kept those who hoped to marry her  waiting to strengthen her diplomatic powers. Elizabeth’s rejection of Philip II cooled relations  between England and Spain eventually they  become enemies. Knowing she could not make either extreme  Catholics or extreme Protestants happy  Elizabeth created a moderate protestant  church.
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Mary Stuart  (Queen of Scots) was at the center  of many Catholic plots to overthrow Elizabeth. Mary Stuart was overthrown by Presbyterians   in Scotland and fled to England where she was  part prisoner part guest. After discovering another plot by Catholics 
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World History Ch. 4 sec. 3 part 1 - AgeofAbsolutism...

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