Psych chapter 5 notes - 01/11/2007 19:59:00 Chapter 5...

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Unformatted text preview: 01/11/2007 19:59:00 Chapter 5 States of Consciousness I. What is consciousness? Working definition: Our moment-to-moment awareness of ourselves and of our environment. Our awareness of the sensations, thoughts, and feelings that we are attending to at any given moment. A. Basic Characteristics o Subjective/private o Dynamic (not static) it changes over time, sometimes rapidly. o Self-reflective (self-aware) o Central to our sense of who we are (self-identity) o Closely related to the process of selective attention Selective attention: the process that focuses awareness on some stimuli to the exclusion of other stimuli. II. Freudian vs. Cognitive Perspectives: A. Freuds Model o Conscious mind: thoughts/perceptions of which we are currently aware o Preconscious mind: mental events outside current awareness but which can be brought to awareness easily. o Unconscious mind: mental events/instinctual urges that cannot easily be brought to conscious awareness. (effortful) B. Cognitive Perspective o Controlled Processing: the conscious use of attention and effort. o Automatic processing: activity that are performed without conscious awareness and effort. o Divided attention: capacity to perform more than one activity at a time. III. Dissociations of Consciousness Dissociation: division (of normal consciousness) Dissociative disorders: a portion of ones life becomes separated from ones normal identity, consciousness, and or memory. D.I.D.: The existence within the individual of 2 or more identities, each of which is dominant at a particular time. o Host: original identity o Alters: alternative identities o Memory Trace: one identity that remembers what happens to others. o Onset: usually in childhood BUT it may not be diagnosed until adolescence. o Why does it develop? Because Trauma-dissociation theory (Putnam) Sample of people diagnosed with D.I.D (100 patients) 87-97% of these patients were exposed to sever, prolonged abuse during childhood. o Small odds of developing D.I.D who were abused sexually/physically. IV. Sleep A. Stages of Sleep o Stage 1: (light sleep) 1-2% of sleep time. Brain waves begin to slow down. (theta waves, 4-7 C.P.S) Easy to waken Vivid images are possible No subjective feeling of having been asleep....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Passer during the Fall '07 term at University of Washington.

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Psych chapter 5 notes - 01/11/2007 19:59:00 Chapter 5...

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