17 - Ethanol Part4 - Withdrawal state 1 Set of symptoms...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Withdrawal state 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Set of symptoms seen when an individual reduces or stops alcohol consumption after prolonged period of excessive alcohol intake . Anxiety, tremor, irritability, dysphoria,, sweating, mood change, tinnitus, sleep abnormalities, retching, nausea, vomit, muscle cramps, malaise, weakness, headache, tachycardia, hypertension, depression, perceptual distortions, hallucinations, Delusion, disorientation, delirium, seizure . 2
Image of page 2
STAGING ? 3
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alcohol withdrawal timeline Acute stage: 3-5 days . Sub-acute stage: approximately 3 weeks. During this time, individual may still be experiencing measurable cognitive deficits . Chronic stage: up to one year. Slow, steady improvement in cognitive functioning . 4
Image of page 4
Stages of acute withdrawal 1 . Tremors, excessively rapid heartbeat, hypertension, heavy sweating, loss of appetite and insomnia . 2 . Hallucinations: auditory, visual, tactile or a combination . 3 . Delusion, disorientation, delirium, sometimes intermittent in nature and usually followed by amnesia . 4 . Seizure activity . 5
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alcohol Withdrawal Onset Clinical Findings Uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal - 6 12 hours after stopping drinking - Peak at 48 hours - Subside over few days Coarse termor, nausea, vomit, malaise, headache, insomnia, weakness, sweating, tachycardia, hypertension, anxiety, depression, irritability, trancient hallucinations . Alcohol Withdrawal Fits 12 24 hours Generalised fits, unknown cause Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium(Delirium tremens ( - Sever withdrawal syndrome due to cortical and brain hyperexcitability - onset follows within a week of stopping drinking . - Last 2 to 4 days Disorientation, agitation, visual hallucinations, delusions, tremor, sweating, tachycardia, hyperthermia, cramps, paresthesia, nausea, and vomiting . - Symptoms are typically worse at night - Dehydration and electrolyte disturbances are frequent - Mortality is 15% if left untreated 6
Image of page 6
Wernicke’s Encephalopathy - Acute, potentially reversible neurological disorder due to thiamine deficiency in alcoholism
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern