Disposable Diapers

Disposable Diapers - W hatStinks? A Cradle to Grave...

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What Stinks? A Cradle to Grave Analysis of the Disposable Diaper By Rene’ Rodriguez Professor Raquel R. Pinderhughes San Francisco State University Spring 2003 Public has permission to use material herein, but only if author, course, university, and  professor are credited.
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Introduction This presentation focuses on the disposable diaper. It takes you through the cradle to grave life cycle of the diaper, paying particular attention to the social, environmental, and public health aspects associated with the diaper. We start by looking at the history of the diaper and how it has evolved from its simple roots. We then analyze the raw materials used to make the disposable diaper, production, distribution, consumption, and its waste site, all the while focusing on the harmful impacts these processes have on the environment and surrounding communities.
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Diaper Evolution TIME PRODUCT ABSORBENT OUTER COVER Pre -indus tria l e ra “Prim itive ” dia pe r G ra s s , m o s s , le a ve s ,  line n o r c o tto n Anim a l s kins , s wa ddling   ba nds  (line n o r wo o l) La te  1800s Ea rly dia pe r Line n o r c o tto n Knitte d wo o l 1880 S a fe ty pin 1930s -1960s C o m m e rc ia l la unde ring   s e rvic e s 1940s Mo de rn c lo th dia pe r C o tto n Rubb e r pa nt 1950s Mo de rn c lo th dia pe r C o tto n Pla s tic  pa nt 1961 Dis po s a b le  dia pe r C e llulo s e Pla s tic Mid-1980s Dis po s a b le  dia pe r S upe ra b s o rb e nt  m a te ria l Pla s tic La te  1990s Dis po s a b le  dia pe r S upe ra b s o rb e nt  m a te ria l Bre a tha b le  c o ve r (www.cp.pdr.net/hostedfiles/docs/papc_diapers_site/history.htm)
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Natural Resources Oil 18 billion disposable diapers used per year in US alone It takes one cup of crude oil to make the plastic in one disposable diaper Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polyurethane, & Polyacrylate 3.4 billion gallons of oil used annually to manufacture them 246 lbs of plastic are used to diaper a baby for one year Wood (cellulose) It takes 200-300 kg of pulp to supply a baby for one year Over 250,000 trees are used annually for diapers (Sanders, 2001)
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Oil
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Preparing to drill The land is cleared, leveled and roads are built If no source of water is nearby, a well is drilled A reserve pit is dug and (should be) lined A hole is dug for the oil rig More holes are dug for equipment and employee access Sometimes rigs are built on ships (Freudenrich, 1998)
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Oil Drilling Anatomy (Fruedenrich,1998)
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Drilling the Oil As crews are drilling, they must cement the hole to keep it from caving in. Once they have reached a final depth, a perforating
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Disposable Diapers - W hatStinks? A Cradle to Grave...

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