EmtBurns - BURNS Temple College EMS Professions 1 Anatomy...

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1 BURNS Temple College EMS Professions
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2 Anatomy of Skin Largest body organ More than just a passive covering
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3 Skin Functions Sensation Protection Temperature regulation Fluid retention
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4 Anatomy Two layers Epidermis Dermis
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5 Epidermis Outer layer Top (stratum corneum) consists of dead, hardened cells Lower epidermal layers form stratum corneum and contain protective pigments
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6 Dermis Elastic connective tissue Contains specialized structures Nerve endings Blood vessels Sweat glands Sebaceous (oil) glands Hair follicles
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7 Burn Epidemiology 2,500,000/year 100,000 hospitalized 12,000 deaths Third leading cause of trauma deaths
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8 Pathophysiology Loss of fluids Inability to maintain body temperature Infection
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9 Critical Factors Depth Extent
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10 Burn Depth First Degree (Superficial) Involves only epidermis Red Painful Tender Blanches under pressure Possible swelling, no blisters Heal in ~7 days
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11 Burn Depth Second Degree (Partial Thickness) Extends through epidermis into dermis Salmon pink Moist, shiny Painful Blisters may be present Heal in ~7 to 21 days
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12 Burn Depth Burns that blister are second degree. But all second degree burns don’t blister.
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13 Burn Depth Third Degree (Full Thickness) Through epidermis, dermis into underlying structures Thick, dry Pearly gray or charred black May bleed from vessel damage Painless Require grafting
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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EmtBurns - BURNS Temple College EMS Professions 1 Anatomy...

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