EmtDiabetes - Diabetes Temple College EMS Professions...

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Unformatted text preview: Diabetes Temple College EMS Professions Glucose ■ Required as fuel for cellular metabolism ■ Brain’s need for glucose parallels its demand for oxygen Insulin ■ Hormone ■ Produced by Islets of Langerhans in pancreas ■ Required for sugar to enter most cells ■ Brain does not require insulin to use sugar Pancreas ■ Located in retroperitoneal space ■ Produces, releases – Digestive enzymes into duodenum – Insulin, glucagon into blood Islets of Langerhans ■ Alpha cells – Glucagon – Raises blood sugar ■ Beta cells – Insulin – Lowers blood sugar Diabetes Mellitus Metabolic disease Characterized by inadequate, absent insulin production Type I Diabetes ■ No insulin production ■ Takes insulin injections Type II Diabetes ■ Inadequate insulin production ■ Increased tissue resistance to insulin effects ■ Controlled with – Diet – Oral medications: • Diabeta, Diabinese, Dymelor, Glucotrol, Micronase, Orinase, Tolinase, Glucophage – Insulin injections as disease progresses Problems in Diabetes Blood Sugar Imbalance ■ Hyperglycemia – Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) – Hyperosmolar coma ■ Hypoglycemia Hyperglycemia...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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EmtDiabetes - Diabetes Temple College EMS Professions...

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