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EmtHeatCold - Heat and Cold Emergencies Temple College EMS...

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Heat and Cold Emergencies Temple College EMS Professions
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Heat/Cold Emergencies Metabolism runs best at 98.6 o F T 0 - Metabolic rates; cell damage T 0 - Metabolic rates; cell damage
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Body Temperature Maintenance Balancing Heat Production, Heat Loss
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Heat Production Metabolism Movement of Large Muscles Shivering Heat Loss Radiation Conduction Convection Evaporation Respiration
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Heat Production > Heat Loss = Body Temperature Heat Loss > Heat Production = Body Temperature
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Heat/Cold Illness Results from: Effects of or body temperature Effects of attempting to compensate for changes in heat production, heat loss
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Heat Illness
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Heat Cramps Due to salt loss from sweating Spasms in large muscle groups Patient awake, alert
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Heat Cramps Treatment Stop activity Cool environment Balanced salt solution Do not give salt or water alone
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What would be the effect of giving only water without salt to a patient with heat cramps?
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Heat Exhaustion Sweating = Blood volume Vasodilation = Vascular volume Both decrease perfusion
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