Lec2aHistory(Revised07)-1

Lec2aHistory(Revised07)-1 - History of Epidemiology...

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History of Epidemiology
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Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.) On Airs, Waters, and Places Idea that disease might be associated with physical environment
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Thomas Sydenham (1624-1689) Recognized as a founder of clinical medicine and epidemiology Emphasized detailed observations of patients & accurate recordkeeping
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James Lind (1700’s) Designed first experiments to use a concurrently treated control group
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Edward Jenner (1749-1823) Pioneered clinical trials for vaccination to control spread of smallpox Jenner's work influenced many others, including Louis Pasteur who developed vaccines against rabies and other infectious diseases
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Ignas Semmelweis (1840’s) Pioneered handwashing to help prevent the spread of septic infections in mothers following birth
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John Snow (1813-1858) Father of epidemiology Careful mapping of cholera cases in East London during cholera epidemic of 1854 Traced source to a single well on Broad Street that had been contaminated by sewage
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Lec2aHistory(Revised07)-1 - History of Epidemiology...

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