obesity and related diseases

obesity and related diseases - Obesity, and its Related...

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Stanley Bassin Ed.D Stanley Bassin Ed.D Center For The Study Of Health Effects Of Exercise In Children Center For The Study Of Health Effects Of Exercise In Children University Children’s Hospital, University Children’s Hospital, UCI College of Medicine, Orange, CA. UCI College of Medicine, Orange, CA. Obesity, and its Related Diseases: Obesity, and its Related Diseases: Prevention Begins in Childhood Prevention Begins in Childhood
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Obesity Obesity A Weighty Problem A Weighty Problem
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The Anthropology of Physical Activity
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Foraging Range of Different Primates* 0 4 8 12 16 20 various chimpanzees humans (hunting gathering) * from Leonard and Robertson. Am J Phys Anthro p 102:265, 1997
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The Agricultural Period
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The Industrial Period
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The Electronics Age
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Obesity Obesity AHA and NIH have recognized obesity as a major modifiable risk factor for CHD Obesity is a risk factor for development of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia Obesity also linked to insulin resistance, particular intraabdominal fat estimated by waist circumference
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 1. Inadequate sleep. (Average sleep amounts have fallen, and many studies tie sleep deprivation to weight gain.)
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 2. Endocrine disruptors, which are substances in some foods that might alter fats in the body.
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 3. Nice temperatures. (Air conditioning and heating limit calories burned from sweating and shivering.)
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 4. Fewer people smoking. (Less appetite suppression.)
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 5. Medicines that cause weight gains
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 6. Population changes. (More middle-agers and Hispanics, who have higher obesity rates.)
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 7. Older birth moms. (That correlates with heavier children.)
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 8. Genetic influences during pregnancy
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity: 9. Darwinian natural selection. (Fat people out survive skinny ones).
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The “Top 10” alternative reasons for obesity 10. Assortative mating, or like mating with like,” Allison puts it. Translation: fat people procreating with others of the same body type, gradually skewing the population toward the heavy end.
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Obesity Related Morbidity Obesity Related Morbidity The estimated number of deaths attributable to obesity among US adults is approximately 280,000.
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Obesity Related Morbidity Obesity Related Morbidity The estimated number of deaths attributable to obesity for nonsmokers is approximately 325,000
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The Theories of Obesity Fall Into The Theories of Obesity Fall Into Three Categories Three Categories
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Genetic Influence of Human Variation Genetic Influence of Human Variation in Body Fat in Body Fat
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Defining Obesity Defining Obesity Body Mass Index (BMI)= Weight divided by Height squared (kg/m 2).
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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obesity and related diseases - Obesity, and its Related...

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