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3 - Late complications of Fractures - D3


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Unformatted text preview: and disuse osteoprosis in the surrounding parts ) Bone scan:­ changes can be seen before X­ray changes, Visible as cold area on the bone. • Treatment:­ • Avascular necrosis can be prevented by early reduction • • • of susceptible fractures and dislocations. Arthroplasty ­ Old people with necrosis of the femoral head. Realignment osteotomy or arthrodesis ­ for younger people with necrosis of the femoral head Symptomatic treatment for scaphoid or talus Avascular necrosis Avascular Avascular necrosis of the head of the femur Avascular necrosis of the head of the femur (Bone scan) osteoarthritis osteoarthritis • A fracture involving a joint may damage the articular cartilage and give rise to post traumatic osteoarthritis within a period of months. • Even if the cartilage heals, irregularity of the joint surface may cause localized stress and so predispose...
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