APGAR - APGAR EXPANSION A for Appearance P for Pulse Rate G...

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APGAR EXPANSION A for Appearance P for Pulse Rate G for Grimace A for Activity R for Respiration
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From Current Researches in Anesthesia and Analgesia , July-August, 1953, page 260. Presented before the Twenty-Seventh Annual Congress of Anesthetists, Joint Meeting of the International Anesthesia Research Society and the International College of Anesthetists, Virginia Beach, Virginia, September 22-25, 1952.
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23/25 th Sept 1952
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A Proposal for a New Method of Evaluation of the Newborn Infant Virginia Apgar, MD, New York, NY Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University, College of Physicians & Surgeons and the Anesthesia Service, The Presbyterian Hospital
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The first page of the original Apgar paper http://www.neonatology.org/classics/apgar2.html
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“Grading" of newborn infants which can be used as a basis for discussion and comparison of the results of obstetric practices, types of maternal pain relief and the effects of resuscitation
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"score" "breathing time" defined as the time from delivery of the head to the first respiration . "crying time" the time until the establishment of a satisfactory cry.
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Cry A satisfactory cry is sometimes not established even when the infant leaves the delivery room, and in some patients with cerebral injury, the baby dies without ever having uttered a satisfactory cry. Mild, moderate and severe depression of the infant leaves a fair margin for individual interpretation.
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The time for judging the five objective signs were sixty seconds after the complete birth of the baby
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1) Heart Rate A heart rate of 100-140 was considered good and given a score of two, a rate of under 100 received a score of one, and if no heart beat could be seen, felt or heard the score was zero. If one attends the baby alone, it is easy to learn to look
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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APGAR - APGAR EXPANSION A for Appearance P for Pulse Rate G...

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