CHAPTER19CHILDHEALTH

CHAPTER19CHILDHEALTH - 1 CHILD HEALTH CHAPTER 19 2 Child...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 CHILD HEALTH CHAPTER 19 2 Child Health Overview • Well-Child Visit – Health professionals assess the child for: • Current health status • Progression of growth and development • Need for immunizations – Health professionals have opportunity to teach parents about child’s growth and development 3 Growth and Development • Growth – Physical increase in the whole or any of its part – Parameters of a child’s growth can be easily measured with accuracy through acquiring the following: • Weight • Head circumference • Length or height • Dentition 4 Growth and Development (continued) • Weight – Important indicator of child’s nutritional status and general growth – Used to calculate medication dosages for children – Should be measured at every visit 5 Growth and Development (continued) • Head Circumference – Related to intracranial volume – Normal brain growth = expected rate of increase in head circumference – Abnormal lags or surges may indicate serious problems 6 Growth and Development (continued) • Length or Height – Compared with head circumference and weight measurement for overall indicator of physical growth – Measure infant from crown of head to heel • Place child in recumbent position – Standing height measurement for children 3 years or older 7 Growth and Development (continued) • Dentition – Refers to eruption of teeth and follows sequential pattern – Eruption of primary teeth – 6-30 months • Twenty primary teeth – Eruption of permanent teeth - around 6 years of age • Normally 32 permanent teeth 8 • Development – Increase in function and complexity that results through learning, maturation, and growth – Development screening tests are used as assessment tools • Brazelton Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale for Newborns • Dubowitz for Newborns • Denver II Developmental Screening Test for Infants and Young Children Growth and Development (continued) 9 • Stages of Childhood Growth and Development – Newborn – birth to 1 month – Infancy – 1 month to 1 year – Toddlerhood – 1 to 3 years – Preschool Age – 3 to 6 years – School Age – 6 to 12 years – Adolescents – 12 to 18 years or 21 years Growth and Development (continued) 10 • Cephalocaudal – Growth and development proceeds from head to toe • Muscular control follows the spine downward • Proximodistal – Growth and development proceeds from the center outward or from the midline to the periphery Growth and Development Principles 11 • General to Specific – Activities move from being generalized toward being more focused • Simple to Complex – Language develops from simple to complex • Growth Spurts – Occur throughout childhood • Alternate with periods of slow growth Growth and Development Principles (continued) 12 Immunizations • Immunization – Process of creating immunity to a specific disease in an individual – Medication administered is a vaccine • Suspension of infectious agents or some part of...
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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CHAPTER19CHILDHEALTH - 1 CHILD HEALTH CHAPTER 19 2 Child...

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