Colorectal Cancer Presentation

Colorectal Cancer Presentation - The Ins and Outs of of...

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The Ins and Outs The Ins and Outs of of ColoRectal Cancer ColoRectal Cancer By By Kelly Hann Kelly Hann
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Anatomy Anatomy The Body’s Digestive System Large Intestine 1 st 6 feet = large bowel or colon The anal canal ends at the anus
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American Cancer Society
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Change in bowel habits Blood in Stool Bright red Very dark red Black/Tarry Stool Diarrhea Constipation Does your bowel feel like it emptied completely? General abdominal discomfort Gas pains Bloating Fullness Cramps Weight loss w/ no explained reason Constant tiredness Vomiting (coffee grounds)
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Tests that examine… Tests that examine… Aids in diagnosing & preventing colon cancer
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Physical Exam Physical Exam General Medical History Includes self health habits Past self illnesses Various treatments used for previous issues Family health history If patient reports problems with respect to signs and symptoms related to common bowel change habits… Are symptoms affecting your everyday life?
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Fecal occult blood test Fecal occult blood test Check stool for evidence of blood Method Small samples of stool are placed on special cards and returned to the Dr. or Lab for testing under a microscope Potential harms False-positive & false negative results (uncommon…serious
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Digital Rectal Exam Digital Rectal Exam The doctor or nurse inserts a lubricated, GLOVED finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or abnormal areas.
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Barium Enema Barium Enema Barium is a liquid, that contains a silver- white compound, inserted into the rectum The barium coats the lower GI tract and a series of x-rays are taken of the lower GI tract AKA = a lower GI series
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What does a Barium Enema do? What does a Barium Enema do? Detects Ulcers Narrowed areas (strictures) Growth of the lining (polyps) Small pouches in the wall of the intestine Diverticula Cancer abnormalities
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How can one prepare for this test? How can one prepare for this test? Colon must be completely empty Prescribed laxatives or enema (pre-exam) Special Diet to follow (2 days prior) Clear liquids Tea or coffee without milk or cream Any juice without pulp (NO OJ or Tomato) Broth Carbonated beverages
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Types of Barium Enemas Types of Barium Enemas Single Column Lie on side on Xray table Enema tube inserted into rectum Barium bag is delivered into colon May feel urge to have a bowel movement….DON’T Though, a small balloon will keep it inside you Take long deep breaths through mouth…helps relax
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Colorectal Cancer Presentation - The Ins and Outs of of...

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