DiseasesofConjunctiva

DiseasesofConjunctiva - Diseases of Conjunctiva 12/24/11 Dr...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–15. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 1 Diseases of Conjunctiva
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 2 Conjunctivitis Classification I Based on onset a. Acute b. Sub-acute c. Chronic II Based on type of Exudates a. Serous (Viral, allergic, toxic)
Background image of page 2
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 3 Classification of Conjunctivitis b. Catarrhal (allergic – Ropy or thread like thick mucoid discharge) c. Mucopurulent d. Purulent c. Pseudo-membranous / Membranous
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 4 Classification of Conjunctivitis III Based on Conjunctival Reaction a. Follicular b. Papillary c. Granulomatous IV Based on Etiology a. Infectious (Bacterial, Viral, Chlamydial, Fungal and parasitic) b. Non-infectious (Allergic, Irritants
Background image of page 4
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 5 Classification of Conjunctivitis Endogenous or autoimmune, Dry Eye, Toxic (chemical or drug induced, self inflicted) and Idiopathic.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 6 Risk Factors for the Development of Bacterial Conjunctivitis Disruption of host defense mechanism caused by: 1. Dry Eye 2. Exposure due to lid retraction, exophthalmos, lagophthalmos, inadequate blinking 3. Nutritional deficiencies/ Avitaminosis A
Background image of page 6
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 7 Risk Factors for the Development of Bacterial Conjunctivitis . . contd 4. Local or Systemic Immune Deficiency: * after topical and systemic immunosupressive therapy * Nasolacrimal duct obstruction and infection * Radiation damage * Trauma * Surgery
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 8 Risk Factors for the Development of Bacterial Conjunctivitis. . Contd * Prior Conjunctival inflammation or infection * Systemic Infection * Exogenous inoculation
Background image of page 8
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 9 Gonorrhoeal Conjunctivitis I. Epidemiological Aspect Rare in developed countries, still seen in individuals and communities where Gonorrhoea is still a problem and hygienic standards are poor.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 10 Gonorrhoeal Conjunctivitis Etiology – Caused by Neisseria Gonorrhoeae (a bun- shaped Gram- negative intracellular diplococcus). Neisseria Catarrhalis may be seen/found in chronic forms. Condition is found in cases suffering from Gonorrhoeal genital infection. Incubation period is few hours to three days.
Background image of page 10
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 11 Clinical Features Symptoms Swelling of eyelids, Pain, redness, inability to open eye(s), purulent discharge, grittiness, Diminution of Vision
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 12 Clinical Features Signs Acute disease, occurring usually in adult males. Often in RE to begin with. Lids are swollen. Upper lids are tense, overhanging on lower lid. Matting of lashes and pus on lids margins. Eversion is difficult. Deep red velvety conjunctiva sometimes with membrane After two to three weeks discharge diminishes but subacute form of conjunctivitis with presence of Gonococci persists for several weeks.
Background image of page 12
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 13 Signs … Contd Pre-auricular lymphadenopathy, tenderness and suppuration
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
12/24/11 Dr Sanjay Shrivastava 14 Clinical Features No immunity is conferred by an attack. Associated systemic signs – Urethritis, rise of
Background image of page 14
Image of page 15
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 118

DiseasesofConjunctiva - Diseases of Conjunctiva 12/24/11 Dr...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 15. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online