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DomesticViolence - AdolescentPregnancy...

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Domestic Violence Screening in  Adolescent Pregnancy Anisha Abraham, Maj, MD, MPH         
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Objectives To provide an overview of domestic violence as a public health issue To review key causes and risk factors of domestic violence during teen pregnancy
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Domestic Violence and Women Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women between the ages of 15-44. (CDC, 1999) Every 21 days, a woman is killed by domestic violence. (U.S. Department of Justice, 1998) More than 5 million females experience some form of violence each year. Almost two of every three of these females are attacked by a relative or person known to
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Domestic Violence and Women 34% of adults in the United States had witnessed a man beating his wife or girlfriend, and 14 % of women report that they have experienced violence from a husband or boyfriend. (U.S. Department of Justice's National Crime Victimization Survey, 1998) More than 1 million women seek medical assistance each year for injuries caused by battering. (U.S. Department of Justice's
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Domestic Violence and Pregnancy The prevalence of violence during pregnancy (all ages) ranges from 4-8% (Gazamarian JA. Prevalence of violence against women.. JAMA 1996) Higher rates are identified when screening occurs more than once during the pregnancy (Macfarlane J. Assessing for abuse during pregnancy. JAMA . 1992.) The pattern of violence may escalate during pregnancy and may be more prevalent in the
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Violence and Teen Pregnancy Women < 18 yrs were twice as likely to
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