GERD Presentation RL - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease(GERD...

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Presented by: Rachel Lang April 15, 2003 ASC 823 C
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GERD Often called reflux It is the recurring backflow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
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FACTS According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services : 7 million Americans suffer from GERD The incidence of GERD increases dramatically in people over the age of 40
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Why GERD occurs The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a tight muscle at the bottom of the esophagus The LES is designed to relax when the food passes through the esophagus into the stomach Reflux can occur when the tightness of the LES decreases
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Causes of Lowered LES Pressure High fat and carbohydrates in diet Alcohol consumption Tobacco products Carminatives (peppermint & spearmint) Acidic fruit juices & tomato-based foods Some medications (e.g. calcium channel blockers & nitrates) Forceful abdominal breathing
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Diagnostics Laryngoscopy 24-hour pH monitoring Endoscopy
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