Introduction•AIDS is an infectious disease caused by the gradual decrease in CD4+ T lymphocytescausing subsequent opportunistic infections and neoplasia. It is a blood borne and sexually transmitted infection caused by the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)•Approximately 36 million persons around the world are infected. Up to 70% of patients infected with HIV will develop some form of ocular involvement, ie: direct infection by HIV,opportunistic infections and neoplasia.•HIV infection progresses though different phases
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Ocular manifestations correlating with immune status and stage of HIV infection•When the CD4+ count deteriorates, the immune system fails and symptoms such as malaise, night malaise, night sweats, fever and loss of sweats, fever and loss of weightweight develop as the infection progresses. Measuring the absolute CD4+ count is an essential part of the staging the disease.