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IntroPHO - Basics of Pediatric Oncology Margret E Merino MD...

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Basics of Pediatric Oncology Margret E. Merino, MD Pediatric Hematology/Oncology WRAMC
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Objectives Review epidemiology of pediatric oncology Discuss unique aspects of pediatric oncology treatment Discuss general chemotherapy principles in pediatric oncology BRIEF review of the most common pediatric malignancies
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Pediatric Malignancy Epidemiology Rare - 2% of all cancer Most often occur before 15 years of age Accounts for 10% of childhood deaths most common cause of death from disease second to accidents Leukemia, Lymphoma and CNS Tumors are the most common
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Cancer Treatment in US >90% of children diagnosed with cancer are seen and treated at a COG affiliated institute Overall Survival is > 65% in the United States
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Predisposing Factors Genetic Syndromes (trisomy 21), bone marrow failure Hereditary Wilms Tumor, Retinoblastoma Environmental Radiation, toxins
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Trends in age-adjusted SEER incidence and U.S. mortality rates for all childhood cancers age < 20, all races, both sexes, 1975-95 Average annual rate per million Year of Diagnosis SEER, NCI 1995
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Trends in age-adjusted incidence rates for all childhood cancers by sex, age <20 all races combined Year of Diagnosis SEER, NCI 1995
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