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comp politics lec 1

comp politics lec 1 - Wednesday September 12 The State What...

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Wednesday, September 12: The State What is it? What are its origins? What is its significance (often debated) today? Why discuss “the state”? - They are the subject of comparative studies, so it is useful to understand how they are defined, as well as what are considered their roles and functions - Their roles and functions are debated, by scholars, leaders and policy-makers, and citizens - Understanding the expectations people have of them, and what are their capacities, will help us understand what in fact they can do, as well as why they are the subject of conflict among people within their territories and beyond I. What is a “state”? - A particular way of organizing government - It is the government associated with a country; when we talk about countries, we refer to both the governing powers and the people; “the state” refers to the government, specifically the highest form of political organization of a people - Some definitions o “ A compulsory political organization with continuous operations … insofar as its administrative staff successfully uphold the claim to the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force in the enforcement of order” (Max Weber in Roth and Wittich, 1968: 54) o “The organization that issues and enforces binding rules for the people within a territory” (Newton and Van Deth 2005: 8) - Elements of state authority
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comp politics lec 1 - Wednesday September 12 The State What...

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