Non-immuneHydrops

Non-immuneHydrops - Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis Asim Iqbal...

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Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis Asim Iqbal Nishtar Hospital, Multan, Pakistan.
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Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis Presence of excess extra-cellular fluid in two or more sites without any identifiable circulating antibody to red cell antigens
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Generalized skin thickening of more than 5mm and / or two or more of the following Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis Pericardial effusion Pleural Effusion Ascites Placental Enlargement
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Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis
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Normal four Chamber Cardiac View
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Pericardial Effusion Heart
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Body wall edema in a hydropic fetus
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www.thefetus.net Fetal Ascites
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Fetal Ascites
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© www.thefetus.net Fetal Ascites
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Hydrocele can be an early manifestation in hydrops
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Placenta of Hydropic Pregnancy Placenta of Normal Pregnancy
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Soft Tissue shadow and pleural effusion in hydropic neonate
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Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis This data represents the figure of live born hydropic neonates admitted in neonatology units. Actual incidence is much higher , since majority die either in-utero or the pregnancies are terminated electively.
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It is an end result of an array of disorders of the fetus, umbilical cord and placenta that leads to deranged fluid homeostasis. A wide range of fetal organs are involved - No common mechanism is responsible for the signs of hydrops. Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis
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Three main hypothesis : Anemia Cardiac Failure Reduction in Osmotic Pressure (Hypoproteinaemia) Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis
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High output cardiac failure Increase in umbilical venous pressure Portal hypertension in severely effected fetuses due to increase in hepatic erythropoetic tissue. Hypoxia and acidosis predispose to
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Non-immuneHydrops - Non-immune Hydrops Fetalis Asim Iqbal...

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