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Unformatted text preview: Oral Cancer
By Kelly Castillo What is oral cancer? Usually squamous cell (epithethial) Abnormal neoplasm of the mouth Found in most cases by a dentist or the person themselves. Statistics 30,000 people a year diagnosed 8,000 deaths Higher then: Cervical cancer Hodgkin's disease Brain cancer Liver cancer Testicular cancer Kidney cancer And malignant skin cancer Who is at risk? People over the age of 40 Men vs. Women Ethnicity Socioeconomic Status (SES) Being a heavy smoker and drinker People with HPV16 and HPV18 are at slightly higher risk HPV and oral cancer 1% of oral cancer is linked to HPV HPV infects epithelial cells On a cellular level the mouth is similar to the vagina and cervix Smoking and drinking alcohol can promote HPV invasion Signs and symptoms Sores or lesions that won't heal Lump or thickening in the cheek White or red patches on the gums, tonsils, or mouth Chronic sore throat Difficulty swallowing Difficulty moving mouth or tongue Numbness in any area of the mouth Swelling of the jaw Oral cancer images Treatments most commonly used Radiation Destruction of cells making it impossible for them to grow Use of chemicals to destroy cancer cells Oldest form for treating cancer Chemotherapy Surgery Why should you care? 25.6 million men (25.2%) 22.6 million women (20.7%) "Lag Time" What you can do: Make yourself aware or your mouth Be informed Stop smoking and drinking excessively Have a good diet and stay healthy ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.
- Fall '11