Oropharyngeal and Oral Cancer

Oropharyngeal and Oral Cancer - Oropharyngeal and Oral...

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Unformatted text preview: Oropharyngeal and Oral Cancer Cancer Tiffany Lindholm What is oral cancer? What Cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) Lips inside lining of the lips and cheeks teeth gums front two-thirds of the tongue hard palate area behind the wisdom teeth What is Oropharyngeal Cancer? What Cancer in the throat (oropharynx) begins where oral cavity stops begins Base of tongue Base soft palate tonsils and tonsillar pillars back wall of throat Uses of oral cavity and oropharynx Breathing Talking Talking Eating Chewing Chewing Swallowing Salivary glands make saliva to keep mouth moist and helps digest food moist What causes the cancer? What Tobacco Alcohol Exposure to ultraviolet radiation Poor diet DNA malfunction Key statistics Key 28,260 new cases is 2004 7,230 (4,830 men and 2,400) people will die in 7,230 2004 2004 More frequent in Blacks than whites 81% survive 1 year after diagnosis For all stages combined 56% survive 5 years 41%survive 10 years If cancer found early 80% survive 5 years Key statistics Key More common in Hungary and France 15% Newly diagnosed patients will have 15% another cancer another 10-40% will develop a second cancer Signs and symptoms Signs Sore in the mouth that doesn’t heal Pain that doesn’t go away Lump or thickening in the cheek White or red patch on gums, tongue, tonsil or lining of White the mouth the Sore throat Difficulty chewing, swallowing, moving jaw or tongue Loosening of the teeth Voice changes Lump or mass in the neck Weight loss Persistent bad breath Treatment options Treatment Stage 0: Surgery 95-100% Stages 1 and 2: Surgery or radiation 6080% Stages 3 and 4: Surgery and radiation or Stages radiation and chemotherapy or all three 20-50% 20-50% Side effects Side Radiation Surgery Laryngectomy After treatment After Speech and swallowing therapy Dietitian Follow up tests Chemo prevention What’s new? What’s DNA changes Tumor growth factors Chemotherapy Radiation Vaccines Gene therapy ...
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