student hand & foot ortho

student hand & foot ortho - Common Hand and Foot...

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Common Hand and Foot Disorders
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Common hand problems
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Function of the hand Motor grasp   pinch  -  tip pressure      -  pulp pressure      -  lateral pressure hook
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Function of hand sensory stereognosis (position ,size, shape,etc.) Pinprick light touch
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Rapid assessment of hand function space and stability open and close pinch and touch
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Muscles of the hand Three group of muscles act on the fingers long flexors  long extensors intrinsic muscles
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Ganglion     cystic swelling in the  neighbourhood of   tendon or joint
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Ganglion pathology wall lining content uni.. or multilocular cyst
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Ganglion formation large no. of closely packed cells formation of cavity mucoid degeneration ? ischemia 
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Ganglion site 60-70%  dorsal wrist ganglion    (scapholunate  joint) 18 -20% volar ganglion 10 - 20% in the flexor   sheath
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Ganglion treatment conservative surgical
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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) The entrapment of the median nerve at the fibro osseous  tunnel of the carpus .
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CTS Aetiology Decrease in the size of the canal  osteoarthritis trauma acromegaly
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CTS Aetiology 2 increase in the size of its contents pregnancy rheumatoid arthritis  alcoholism tumour  idiopathic
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