AS1103_UpVlSpGrp

AS1103_UpVlSpGrp - Asperger Syndrome & the Spectrum of...

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Asperger Asperger Syndrome & Syndrome & the Spectrum the Spectrum of Autism of Autism Art Maerlender, Ph.D. Art Maerlender, Ph.D. Clinical School Services and Learning Disorders Program Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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The Spectrum The Spectrum Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) include: Autism Asperger’s syndrome Rhett’s Syndrome Childhood Disintegrative Disorder PDD-nos
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Estimates of increasing rates of Autism derived from review by Fambonne, 2003 Autistic disorder 10.0 / 10,000 Asperger syndrome 2.5 / 10,000 PDD NOS 15.0 / 10,000 All PDDs 27.5 / 10,000
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USA estimates 0-4 5-9 10 – 14 15 – 17 Autism 18,987 19,920 20,057 11,818 70,782 Asperger syndrome 4,747 4,980 5,014 2,955 17,696 PDD-NOS 28,481 29,880 30,086 17,727 106,173 All 52,214 54,780 55,157 32,500 194,650 Age groups Under 18 Based on population projections for 2000 (middle series) Review ed March 06,2001
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Increase in Autism: Public Schools The number of students with autism being served in public schools under IDEA rose in 2000-01. from 5,415 in 1991-92 to 78,749 In comparison, the number of students with all disabilities being served under IDEA rose during the same period. from 4,499,824 to 5,775,722
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Figures from the most recent U.S. DOE’s 2002 Report to Congress on IDEA Students with autism jumped 1,354% eight-year period from the school year 1991-92 to 2000-2001. Rate of increase is almost 50 times higher than the rate of increase of for all disabilities (28.4% ), or 26.75% for all disabilities excluding autism.
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Department of Education's Department of Education's "Twenty-first Annual "Twenty-first Annual Report*" Report*" period from 1988-89 to 1997-98 rate of change of 173% for autism 16% for all disabilities *"Twenty-fourth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (U.S. Department of Education, 2002),"
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Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction reports 1993-1999 and unofficial report for 2000/ Graph from Nissan Bar-Lev, CESA #7
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Similar statistics in Minnesota and other states Causes of increase in Minnesota: Changes in ed. Policy favoring better identification o Services are better for ASD o Likely under-dx-ed in past Autism dx not a substitution for other LD o Other LD’s increased at slower rate
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Asperger’s Syndrome Demographics Frequency: In the US studies indicate rates ranging from 1 case in 250-10,000 children. Mortality/Morbidity: normal lifespans, increased incidence of comorbid psychiatric maladies (eg, depression, mood disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Tourette disorder). Sex: Estimated male-to-female ratio is approximately 4:1.
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DSM-IV DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ASPERGER'S DISORDER ASPERGER'S DISORDER A. Qualitative impairment in social interaction, B. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities C.The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
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DSM-IV, cont. D. There is no clinically significant general delay in
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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AS1103_UpVlSpGrp - Asperger Syndrome & the Spectrum of...

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