Autism - AUTISM What is Autism Autism is a neurological...

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AUTISM What is Autism? Autism is a neurological disorder that affects the development of social abilities, communication, and behaviour in characteristic ways. The term "autistic spectrum disorder" (ASD) reflects the current view that the effects of ASD can range from relatively mild to severe in any or all of these areas of development. People with ASD face challenges in understanding and relating to others. Although they may be interested in social interactions and relationships, they lack some of the necessary interpersonal skills such as the ability to take another person’s point of view (empathy). Problems with language comprehension may make communication difficult for people with ASD. Language difficulties may also be a problem in social situations such as, for example, not being able to begin or keep a two- sided conversation going. People with ASD have repetitive patterns of thinking and behaviour, and a limited variety of interests and activities. Research shows that ASD is a genetic disorder but the specific causes are not yet known. ASD is a life-long disorder that in more severe forms is usually recognized by 2 or 3 years of age -- usually because the child is not yet speaking and shows little interest in people.
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