Depression-1 - DEPRESSION What is Depression? Almost...

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What is Depression? Almost everyone feels sad or "depressed" at certain times. Clinical depression (also called Major Depressive Disorder) is confirmed by the presence of a number of symptoms for at least a two week period. These symptoms include sadness, loss of interest in usual activities, changes in appetite, changes in sleep, changes in sexual desire, difficulties in concentration, a decrease in activities or social withdrawal, increased self criticism or reproach, and thoughts of, or actual plans related to suicide. Clinical depression may vary in its severity, and in its extreme forms, can be life threatening and may require hospitalization. Clinical depression, or Major Depressive Disorder, is distinguished from manic-depression or Bipolar Disorder , in that the individual only experiences periods of depression, potentially returning to normal functioning in between times. In Bipolar Disorder, however, the individual will cycle between depression and periods of hypomania or full manic problems (euphoria, high energy, lots of activity). Approximately 1% of Canadian men and 2% of Canadian women are clinically depressed at any one point in time, and about 5% of men and 10% of women experience clinical depression at some point in their life. Women are at twice the risk of men to experience depression, but regardless of gender, once a person has had one experience of clinical depression, they are at high risk for repeated experiences. 1
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Depression-1 - DEPRESSION What is Depression? Almost...

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