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Empathy relationships single most positive

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Unformatted text preview: ps = single most positive Relationships influence in facilitating human growth influence Interpersonal Therapy Interpersonal Klerman et al 1994 Klerman IPT for depression based on model of Sullivan. Brief, time limited, individual therapy. Sullivan. Therapists use: Non-directive exploration encourage expression of affect teach more effective interpersonal teach communication communication alter behaviours through insight, information alter and role play and Evaluation Evaluation Smith & Glass 1977 375 studies Meta-analysis and effect-size Treated patients did better than untreated No difference between types of psychotherapy No e.g. behavioural vs psychodynamic e.g. Follow up analyses support finding that treatment helps. Psychodynamic vs cognitive behavioural treatments use treatment manuals/protocols therapist confined to specific approach Norcross et al 1995 Norcross Different types of therapy Different different effects different General cognitive/behavioural General more positive outcomes than psychodynamic or verbal treatment orientations treatment NIMH study - Depression Elkin et al 1989 Elkin Cognitive Behavioural Interpersonal - psychodynamic and Interpersonal humanistic humanistic Medication Drug placebo – 250 patients – All treatments → improvement All – Minimal differences between CBT and Minimal interpersonal therapy interpersonal – No one approach better for all disorders but No differences according to specific problems differences – Insight o...
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