therapy approacheshb

therapy approacheshb - Therapy Approaches Biological...

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1 Therapy Approaches Biological Treatment Psychotherapy
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2 Biological Treatments Drugs 1-Antipshchotic Drugs 2-Antidepressant Drugs 3-Tranquilizers 4-Lithium Carbonate
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3 1-Antipsychotic Drugs or Neuroleptics Good for treating psychosis and schizophrenia Example: Thorazine Reduce receptivity to dopamine or increase serotonin Reduce positive symptoms of schizophrenia Do not relieve other negative symptoms Can have dangerous side effect: tardive dyskinesia & neurolyptic malignant syndrome
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4 Antipsychotic Drugs and Schizophrenia Good for reducing: Agitation Delusions Hallucinations Can shorten schizophrenic episodes Offers little relief from: Jumbled thoughts Difficulty concentrating Inability to interact with others
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5 2-Antidepressant Drugs Treat depression, anxiety, phobias, OCD Example: Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil Non addictive but can cause side effects 1-Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (elevate levels of 2-Tricyclic antidepressants (boost nor. & ser. by preventing their reabsorption) 3-Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (work on serotonin)
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6 3-Tranquilizers Prescribed for depressed mood, panic, and anxiety Example: Vlium Increase activity of neurotransmitter GABA If overused can result in tolerance and withdrawal
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7 4-Lithium Carbonate Prescribed for bipolar disorder Can be dangerous if not given in the right doze
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8 The Placebo Effect Kirsch and Sapirstein (1998) 7315 participants 41% of those receiving antidepressants experienced reduced symptoms. 31% of those given placebos also received reduced symptoms.
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9 Cautions about Drugs Placebo effect Relapse and drop out rates Dosage problems Long-term risks Overprescription Sometimes has to be with therapy
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10 Psychosurgery Shock Therapy
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11 Psychotherapy Psychodynamic Behavioral Cognitive Humanistic/Existential Therapy in Social Context
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12 Psychodynamic Therapy
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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therapy approacheshb - Therapy Approaches Biological...

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